Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Avirulence Genes In Plant-pathogenic Bacteria : Signals Or Weapons ?

A. Vivian, M. J. Gibbon
Published 1997 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Phytopathogenic bacteria generally have limited host ranges, often confined to members of a single plant species or genus. This appears to result from negative factors restricting the host range ra.ther than from positive factors which allow the pathogen to infect its hosts. These negative factors are avirulence genes present in the pathogen, which interact with matching resistance genes in the host. When a pathogen carrying an avirulence gene attacks a plant with the corresponding resistance gene, a cascade of responses (the hypersensitive response, HR ; Klement, 1982) is triggered in the plant and this results in localized host-cell death, preventing spread of the pathogen and the onset o f disease (the resistant response, described as an ‘incompatible’ interaction). In the absence of either one or both of the matching gene pair, the plant fails to recognize the bacterium as a pathogen, the H R is not triggered and disease will usually follow (a susceptible response, resulting from a ‘ compatible:’ interaction).
This paper references
AVRXalO protein is in the cytoplasm of Xanthomonas oryzae pv . oryzae
I. Yucel (1994)
10.1094/MPMI-5-204
An Xanthomonas citri pathogenicity gene, pthA, pleiotropically encodes gratuitous avirulence on nonhosts.
S. Swarup (1992)
10.1094/PHYTO-76-240
Linkage of copper resistance and avirulence loci on a self-transmissible plasmid in Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria
R. Stall (1986)
10.1094/MPMI-5-451
Identification of a family of avirulence genes from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.
C. Hopkins (1992)
172-1 74. corresponding avirulence gene, avrRps4, from Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi
10.1038/346385A0
Widespread distribution and fitness contribution of Xanthomonas campestris avirulence gene avrBs2
B. Kearney (1990)
Characterization of avrE
J. M. Lorang (1995)
Expression and localization of HrpAl, a protein of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria essential for pathogenicity and induction of the hypersensitive reaction
Analysis of gene-for-gene relationships between Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola races and Phaseolus vulgaris cultivars
10.1016/1360-1385(96)86890-7
Bacterial avirulence proteins: Where's the action?
A. Collmer (1996)
Characterization of avrPphE, a gene
R. Stewart (1994)
10.1094/MPMI-3-094
Molecular characterization of avirulence gene D from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato.
D. Kobayashi (1990)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0733
The complete hrp gene cluster of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae 61 includes two blocks of genes required for harpinPss secretion that are arranged colinearly with Yersinia ysc homologs.
H. C. Huang (1995)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PY.28.090190.002053
Working Models of Specific Recognition in Plant-Microbe Interactions
D. W. Gabriel (1990)
Characterization of avrE from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato: a hrp-linked avirulence locus consisting of at least two transcriptional units.
J. Lorang (1995)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0444
The avrRpm1 gene of Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola is required for virulence on Arabidopsis.
C. Ritter (1995)
10.1128/JB.176.10.3089-3091.1994
A single promoter sequence recognized by a newly identified alternate sigma factor directs expression of pathogenicity and host range determinants in Pseudomonas syringae.
Y. Xiao (1994)
10.1111/j.1365-2958.1995.tb02284.x
The hrp gene locus of Pseudomonas solanacearum, which controls the production of a type III secretion system, encodes eight proteins related to components of the bacterial flagellar biogenesis complex
F. Gijsegem (1995)
10.1016/0885-5765(92)90066-5
Avirulence genes from Pseudomonas syringae pathovars phaseolicola and pisi confer specificity towards both host and non-host species☆
A. J. Fillingham (1992)
Identification of a new Arabidopsis disease resistance locus , RPS 4 , and cloning of the 702 28 , 365 - 391 . 1721 74 . corresponding avirulence gene , avrRps 4 , from Pseudomonas syringae pv . pisi
M. Hinsch (1996)
Characterisation and expression of two avirulence genes cloned from Pseudomonas syringae pv. gfycinea
10.1038/356172A0
Race-specificity of plant resistance to bacterial spot disease determined by repetitive motifs in a bacterial avirulence protein
K. Herbers (1992)
10.1094/MPMI-3-112
Bacteria expressing avirulence gene D produce a specific elicitor of the soybean hypersensitive reaction.
N. Keen (1990)
International standards for naming pathovars of phytopathogenic bacteria and a list of pathovar names and pathotype strains.
D. W. Dye (1980)
The avrRpml gene of Pseudomonas syringae
C. Ritter (1995)
Spontaneous and induced mutations
B. J. kawicz (1996)
10.1128/JB.178.4.1061-1069.1996
Expression and localization of HrpA1, a protein of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria essential for pathogenicity and induction ofthe hypersensitive reaction.
K. Wengelnik (1996)
10.1126/SCIENCE.7902614
Map-based cloning of a protein kinase gene conferring disease resistance in tomato.
G. Martin (1993)
10.1128/JB.174.5.1604-1611.1992
The cloned avirulence gene avrPto induces disease resistance in tomato cultivars containing the Pto resistance gene.
P. Ronald (1992)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0845
Sequence and expression analysis of the hrpB pathogenicity operon of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria which encodes eight proteins with similarity to components of the Hrp, Ysc, Spa, and Fli secretion systems.
S. Fenselau (1995)
Avirulence genes from Pseudomonas syringae pv . pisi controlling species specificity towards Phaseolus vulgaris L
A. J. Fillingham (1994)
Analysis of gene - for - gene relationships between Pseudomonas syringae pv . phaseolicola races and Phaseolus vulgaris cultivars
D. M. Teverson (1997)
Avirulence gene avrRxv from 178
M C Whalen (1993)
10.1105/tpc.8.2.251
Interference between Two Specific Pathogen Recognition Events Mediated by Distinct Plant Disease Resistance Genes.
C. Ritter (1996)
10.1006/PMPP.1996.0051
Specific oligonucleotide primers for the identification ofPseudomonas syringaepv.pisiyield one of two possible DNA fragments by PCR amplification: evidence for phylogenetic divergence
D. Arnold (1996)
10.1094/MPMI-3-041
Gene-for-gene relationships specifying disease resistance in Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria - pepper interactions.
G. Minsavage (1990)
10.1128/JB.174.21.6878-6885.1992
The Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae 61 hrpH product, an envelope protein required for elicitation of the hypersensitive response in plants.
H. Huang (1992)
10.1021/JO00063A007
The structures of syringolides 1 and 2, novel C-glycosidic elicitors from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato
S. Midland (1993)
10.1094/MPMI-6-582
Recognition of the avirulence gene avrB from Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea by Arabidopsis thaliana.
L. Wanner (1993)
10.1128/JB.175.15.4859-4869.1993
Molecular analysis of avirulence gene avrRpt2 and identification of a putative regulatory sequence common to all known Pseudomonas syringae avirulence genes.
R. Innes (1993)
10.1111/J.1365-3059.1995.TB02721.X
Genetics of specific resistance in pea (Pisum sativum) cultivars to seven races of Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi
J. R. Bevan (1995)
10.1007/978-3-642-78624-2_5
The enigmatic avirulence genes of phytopathogenic bacteria.
J. Dangl (1994)
10.1094/MPMI-6-376
Ultrastructure of interactions between Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria and pepper, including immunocytochemical localization of extracellular polysaccharides and the AvrBs3 protein
I. Brown (1993)
10.1105/tpc.8.2.241
Isolation of Arabidopsis genes that differentiate between resistance responses mediated by the RPS2 and RPM1 disease resistance genes.
T. Reuber (1996)
Molecular characterization and hrp dependence of the avirulence gene avrPro from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato Membrane traffic wardens and protein secretion in Gram-negative bacteria
J M Salmeron (1993)
10.1126/SCIENCE.2781284
Bacterial blight of soybean: regulation of a pathogen gene determining host cultivar specificity.
T. V. Huynh (1989)
Soybean resistance genes specific for different Pseudomonas syringae avirulence genes are allelic, or closely linked, at the RPG1 locus.
T. Ashfield (1995)
10.1094/MPMI-7-0508
avrA and avrE in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato PT23 play a role in virulence on tomato plants
J. Lorang (1994)
10.1007/978-3-642-69338-0_37
The genetics of the cherry pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pathovar morsprunorum
A. Vivian (1983)
10.1016/0968-0004(93)90080-7
Membrance traffic wardens and protein secretion in Gram-negative bacteria
G. C. Salmond (1993)
10.1128/JB.173.22.7142-7150.1991
Expression of the avirulence gene avrBs3 from Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is not under the control of hrp genes and is independent of plant factors.
V. Knoop (1991)
10.1094/MPMI-7-0534
Detection of a gene in pea controlling nonhost resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola
J. Wood (1994)
Bevan, 1. R., Crute, 1. R
A J Fillingham
Unified nomencla - 19 , 715 - 728 . ture for broadly conserved hrp genes of phytopathogenic bacteria
A. J. Bogdanove (1996)
10.1105/TPC.4.11.1359
Functional homologs of the Arabidopsis RPM1 disease resistance gene in bean and pea.
J. Dangl (1992)
10.1016/0092-8674(93)90354-S
Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae harpinPss: A protein that is secreted via the hrp pathway and elicits the hypersensitive response in plants
S. He (1993)
10.1094/MPMI-4-553
Gene-for-gene interactions between Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola and Phaseolus.
C. Jenner (1991)
10.1094/PHYTO-81-802
A pathogenicity locus from Xanthomonas citri enables strains from several pathovars of X. campestris to elicit cankerlike lesions on citrus
S. Swarup (1991)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0637
A disease resistance gene in Arabidopsis with specificity for the avrPph3 gene of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola.
Simonich Mt (1995)
10.1094/MPMI-9-0252
Phenotypic expression of Pseudomonas syringae avr genes in E. coli is linked to the activities of the hrp-encoded secretion system.
M. Pirhonen (1996)
10.1094/MPMI-7-0148
Class I and class II avrD alleles direct the production of different products in gram-negative bacteria.
I. Yucel (1994)
10.1128/jb.169.2.572-578.1987
Molecular characterization and nucleic acid sequence of an avirulence gene from race 6 of Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea.
C. Napoli (1987)
Erwinia chrysanthemi and Pseudomonas syringae : plant pathogens trafficking in virulence proteins
A. Collmer (1994)
Characterisation and expression of two avirulence genes cloned from Pseudomonas syringae pv . gfycinea
S. Tamaki (1988)
10.1094/MPMI-7-0726
Characterization of avrPphE, a gene for cultivar-specific avirulence from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola which is physically linked to hrpY, a new hrp gene identified in the halo-blight bacterium.
J. Mansfield (1994)
10.1073/PNAS.86.1.157
Cloned avirulence genes from the tomato pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato confer cultivar specificity on soybean.
D. Kobayashi (1989)
10.1128/JB.178.12.3462-3469.1996
HrpXv, an AraC-type regulator, activates expression of five of the six loci in the hrp cluster of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
K. Wengelnik (1996)
10.1094/MPMI-1-005
Cloned avirulence gene of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria complements spontaneous race-change mutants
J. Swanson (1988)
Host-parasite interaction in flax rust–its genetics and other implications
H. Flor (1955)
10.1094/MPMI-3-059
Cloning and characterization of an avirulence gene from Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae.
S. Kelemu (1990)
A proposal for a uniform genetic nomenclature for avirulence genes in phytopathogenic pseu - domonads
A. Vivian (1993)
10.1128/JB.178.15.4661-4669.1996
Spontaneous and induced mutations in a single open reading frame alter both virulence and avirulence in Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria avrBs2.
K. Swords (1996)
10.1016/S0040-4039(00)60552-X
The syringolides: Bacterial C-glycosyl lipids that trigger plant disease resistance
M. J. Smith (1993)
10.1111/j.1365-2958.1995.tb02230.x
The hrpRS locus of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola constitutes a complex regulatory unit
C. Grimm (1995)
10.1105/tpc.8.2.133
Plant-Pathogen Interactions: Unexpected Findings on Signal Input and Output
R. Innes (1996)
Avirulence gene avrRxv from 178 , 3462 - 3469 . Xanthomonas carnpestris pv . vesicatoria specifies resistance on tomato line Hawaii 7998
M. C. Whalen (1993)
10.1002/j.1460-2075.1994.tb06292.x
PopA1, a protein which induces a hypersensitivity‐like response on specific Petunia genotypes, is secreted via the Hrp pathway of Pseudomonas solanacearum.
M. Arlat (1994)
10.1126/SCIENCE.272.5266.1262
The "Alien DNA" of Virulence Genes
M. Barinaga (1996)
Avirulence gene avrRxv
M. C. Whalen (1993)
10.1007/BF00281595
Molecular characterization and hrp dependence of the avirulence gene avrPro from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato
J. Salmeron (2004)
10.1073/PNAS.85.18.6743
Characterization of a gene from a tomato pathogen determining hypersensitive resistance in non-host species and genetic analysis of this resistance in bean.
M. Whalen (1988)
10.1126/SCIENCE.1621099
Harpin, elicitor of the hypersensitive response produced by the plant pathogen Erwinia amylovora.
Z. Wei (1992)
10.1046/j.1365-2958.1996.415946.x
Analysis of the role of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae HrpZ harpin in elicitation of the hypersensitive response in tobacco using functionally non‐polar hrpZ deletion mutations, truncated HrpZ fragments, and hrmA mutations
J. Alfano (1996)
10.1007/978-94-011-5472-7_70
Analysis of Gene-for-Gene Interactions Between Pseudomonas syringae. pv. phaseolicola and Phaseolus.
J. Mansfield (1997)
Nomenclatural revisions of plant pathogenic bacteria and list of names 1980-1988.
J. M. Young (1991)
Proc Natl Acad Sci
hrp genes of phytopathogenic bacteria Detection of a gene in pea controlling nonhost resistance to Pseudornonas syringae pv
D K Willis (1991)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0717
The HrpZ proteins of Pseudomonas syringae pvs. syringae, glycinea, and tomato are encoded by an operon containing Yersinia ysc homologs and elicit the hypersensitive response in tomato but not soybean.
G. Preston (1995)
10.1128/AEM.59.12.4180-4188.1993
DNA sequence variation and phylogenetic relationships among strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae inferred from restriction site maps and restriction fragment length polymorphism.
D. E. Legard (1993)
10.1111/j.1365-2958.1992.tb01764.x
Evidence that the hrpB gene encodes a positive regulator of pathogenicity genes from Pseudomonas solanacearum
S. Genin (1992)
10.1105/tpc.8.10.1683
Bacterial Pathogens in Plants: Life up against the Wall.
J. Alfano (1996)
10.1105/tpc.8.7.1095
Expression of the Pseudomonas syringae avirulence protein AvrB in plant cells alleviates its dependence on the hypersensitive response and pathogenicity (Hrp) secretion system in eliciting genotype-specific hypersensitive cell death.
S. Gopalan (1996)
10.1094/mpmi-8-0637
A disease resistance gene in Arabidopsis with specificity for the avrPph3 gene of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola.
M. T. Simonich (1995)
10.1007/978-3-642-78624-2_4
hrp genes of phytopathogenic bacteria.
U. Bonas (1994)
Molecular characterization and hrp dependence of the avirulence gene avrPro from Pseudomonas syringae pv
J. M. Salmeron (1993)
Xanthomonas carnpestris pv. vesicatoria specifies resistance on tomato line Hawaii 7998
10.1038/332541A0
Molecular basis for evasion of plant host defence in bacterial spot disease of pepper
B. Kearney (1988)
Membrane traffic wardens and protein secretion in gram-negative bacteria.
G. Salmond (1993)
10.1128/jb.175.18.5839-5850.1993
The opsX locus of Xanthomonas campestris affects host range and biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharide and extracellular polysaccharide.
M. T. Kingsley (1993)
Expression and localization of HrpAl , a protein of Xanthomonas campestris pv . vesicatoria essential for pathogenicity and induction of the hypersensitive reaction
K. Wengelnik (1996)
pv. phaseolicola races and Phaseolus vulgaris cultivars
F. Van Gijsegem (1995)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0700
Molecular characterization of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi plasmid-borne avirulence gene avrPpiB which matches the R3 resistance locus in pea.
B. Cournoyer (1995)
10.1094/MPMI-6-216
Interaction of Xanthomonas campestris with Arabidopsis thaliana: characterization of a gene from X. c. pv. raphani that confers avirulence to most A. thaliana accessions.
J. Parker (1993)
Two different avrD alleles occur in pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae
I. Yucel
AVRXalO protein is in the cytoplasm of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Two different avrD alleles occur in pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae
(1994)
Spontaneous and induced mutations in a 241-249. 6-16
K M M Swords (1996)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PY.30.090192.000435
Changing Concepts in the Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria
J. Young (1992)
10.1094/MPMI-4-628
A gene from Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria that determines avirulence in tomato is related to avrBs3.
B. Canteros (1991)
10.1128/JB.176.4.1025-1036.1994
Identification of a putative alternate sigma factor and characterization of a multicomponent regulatory cascade controlling the expression of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae Pss61 hrp and hrmA genes.
Y. Xiao (1994)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0627
Xanthomonas avirulence/pathogenicity gene family encodes functional plant nuclear targeting signals.
Y. Yang (1995)
10.1105/tpc.3.1.49
Identification of Pseudomonas syringae pathogens of Arabidopsis and a bacterial locus determining avirulence on both Arabidopsis and soybean.
M. Whalen (1991)
10.1046/J.1365-313X.1996.10040591.X
hrp gene-dependent induction of hin1: a plant gene activated rapidly by both harpins and the avrPto gene-mediated signal.
S. Gopalan (1996)
10.1094/PHYTO-86-1051
Phylogenetic evidence for a diversification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi race 4 strains into two distinct lineages.
B. Cournoyer (1996)
10.1007/978-1-4615-8309-7_10
Genetical Aspects of Active Defence
A. Ellingboe (1982)
Gene - for - gene recognition of five cloned avirulence genes from Xanthomonas campestris pv . malvacearum by specific resistance genes in cotton
D. W. Gabriel (1986)
Xanthomonas campestris avirulence gene avrBs2. Nature
B. Kearney (1988)
10.1128/JB.172.9.4836-4843.1990
A cloned avirulence gene from Pseudomonas solanacearum determines incompatibility on Nicotiana tabacum at the host species level.
B. Carney (1990)
10.1094/MPMI-1-191
The avirulence gene avrBs1 from Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria encodes a 50-kD protein.
P. Ronald (1988)
Molecular characterization of the Pseudo
B. Cournoyer (1995)
10.2307/3870353
Inside avirulence.
C. B. Taylor (1996)
AVRXalO protein is in the cytoplasm of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae
S. A. Young (1994)
10.1094/MPMI-6-225
Gene-for-genes interactions between cotton R genes and Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum avr genes.
R. de Feyter (1993)
10.1002/j.1460-2075.1994.tb06341.x
Target cell contact triggers expression and polarized transfer of Yersinia YopE cytotoxin into mammalian cells.
R. Rosqvist (1994)
10.1094/MPMI-7-0677
Avirulence gene avrPphC from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola 3121: a plasmid-borne homologue of avrC closely linked to an avrD allele.
I. Yucel (1994)
10.1128/JB.175.18.5916-5924.1993
Characterization of the promoter of avirulence gene D from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato.
H. Shen (1993)
10.1126/science.7638602
Structure of the Arabidopsis RPM1 gene enabling dual specificity disease resistance
M. Grant (1995)
10.1016/0885-5765(89)90036-2
Cloning and partial characterization of an avirulence determinant from race 1 of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola
M. Shintaku (1989)
10.1094/MPMI-6-009
CommentaryA Proposal for a Uniform Genetic Nomenclature for Avirulence Genes in Phytopathogenic Pseudomonads
A. Vivian (1993)
10.1094/MPMI-8-0049
Characterization of avrE from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato: a hrp-linked avirulence locus consisting of at least two transcriptional units.
Lorang Jm (1995)
The syringolides : bacterial Cglycosyl lipids that trigger plant disease resistance
M J Smith (1993)
10.1094/MPMI-9-0105
Watersoaking function(s) of XcmH1005 are redundantly encoded by members of the Xanthomonas avr/pth gene family
Y. Yang (1996)
Molecular characterization of an avirulence gene from race 2 of Pseudomonas syringae pv . pisi
M. 1. Gibbon (1994)
10.1016/S0169-5347(97)01056-2
Genetics of host-parasite interactions.
G. Sorci (1997)
10.1128/JB.168.2.512-522.1986
Gene cluster of Pseudomonas syringae pv. "phaseolicola" controls pathogenicity of bean plants and hypersensitivity of nonhost plants.
P. B. Lindgren (1986)
10.1111/j.1348-0421.1995.tb03275.x
Transfer of Two Burkholderia and An Alcaligenes Species to Ralstonia Gen. Nov.
E. Yabuuchi (1995)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/S0580-9517(08)70123-5
12 Virulence Determinants in the Bacterial Phytopathogen Erwinia
N. Thomson (1999)
10.1094/MPMI.2001.14.3.316
Expression of the Avirulence gene Avr9 of the fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum is regulated by the global nitrogen response factor NRF1.
A. Pérez-García (2001)
10.1007/978-94-010-0003-1_49
Highly conserved sequences flank avirulence genes: isolation of novel avirulence genes from Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi.
D. Arnold (2001)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PHYTO.36.1.59
Current concepts of active defense in plants.
S. Hutcheson (1998)
10.1094/MPMI.2000.13.12.1312
The Pseudomonas syringae avrRpt2 gene product promotes pathogen virulence from inside plant cells.
Z. Chen (2000)
10.1094/MPMI.2004.17.3.254
Identification of a novel Pseudomonas syringae Psy61 effector with virulence and avirulence functions by a HrpL-dependent promoter-trap assay.
L. Losada (2004)
10.1099/13500872-145-2-325
Replication regions from plant-pathogenic Pseudomonas syringae plasmids are similar to ColE2-related replicons.
M. J. Gibbon (1999)
10.1128/JB.186.11.3621-3630.2004
The Pseudomonas syringae HopPtoV protein is secreted in culture and translocated into plant cells via the type III protein secretion system in a manner dependent on the ShcV type III chaperone.
Misty D. Wehling (2004)
10.15496/publikation-13508
Differential binding specificity of the bacterial effector protein AvrPto to plant receptor-like kinase virulence targets
André Reinhard (2017)
10.1128/JB.182.24.7053-7059.2000
Molecular evolution of virulence in natural field strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
W. Gassmann (2000)
10.1094/MPMI-18-1161
Expression profiling soybean response to Pseudomonas syringae reveals new defense-related genes and rapid HR-specific downregulation of photosynthesis.
Ji-Jun Zou (2005)
10.1006/PMPP.1999.0230
COMMENTARY Why do pathogens carry avirulence genes
D. Gabriel (1999)
An in planta oxidative burst associated with the bacterially induced hypersensitive response in Arabidopsis
J. Wolfe (1998)
10.1146/ANNUREV.MICRO.53.1.155
The induction of apoptosis by bacterial pathogens.
Y. Weinrauch (1999)
Genome and pathogenicity of Xylella fastidiosa
E. Kuramae (2001)
10.1016/S1369-5274(98)80094-5
Bacterial genomics and adaptation to life on plants: implications for the evolution of pathogenicity and symbiosis.
G. Preston (1998)
10.1128/9781555818173.CH16
The hrp Cluster of Pseudomonas syringae: aPathogenicity Island Encoding a Type III Protein Translocation Complex?
S. Hutcheson (1999)
INVITED REVIEW BACTERIAL EFFECTOR GENES AND THEIR ROLE IN HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS
A. Vivian (2000)
10.1006/PMPP.2000.0315
Molecular characterization of avrPphD, a widely-distributed gene from Pseudomonas syringae pv.phaseolicola involved in non-host recognition by pea (Pisum sativum)☆
D. Arnold (2001)
10.1046/j.1365-2958.1997.6442015.x
DspA, an essential pathogenicity factor of Erwinia amylovora showing homology with AvrE of Pseudomonas syringae, is secreted via the Hrp secretion pathway in a DspB‐dependent way
S. Gaudriault (1997)
10.1023/A:1026571130477
Plant Resistance Genes: Their Structure, Function and Evolution
F. Takken (2004)
10.1007/978-3-642-55819-1_6
Genetics of Phytopathogenic Bacteria
A. Burger (2003)
10.1007/978-3-319-31198-2_11
Pseudomonas-Plant Interactions II: Biology and Pathogenesis of Pseudomonas syringae
Rachhpal S. Kahlon (2016)
10.1016/1369-5266(88)80055-4
Determinants of pathogenicity and avirulence in plant pathogenic bacteria.
A. Collmer (1998)
The Use of a Gamma-irradiated Mutants of F. solani f.sp. phaseoli with Reduced Pathogenicity for the Biological Control of Fusarium Root Rot of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Field Conditions
H. Mostafavi (2012)
10.1073/PNAS.170286897
The virulence factor AvrXa7 of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae is a type III secretion pathway-dependent nuclear-localized double-stranded DNA-binding protein.
B. Yang (2000)
10.4454/JPP.V80I3.818
GENOMIC FINGERPRINTING OF SOME PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE PV. PISI STRAINS FROM SICILY
G. Cirvilleri (1998)
10.1094/MPMI.2003.16.6.495
Novel exchangeable effector loci associated with the Pseudomonas syringae hrp pathogenicity island: evidence for integron-like assembly from transposed gene cassettes.
James C. Charity (2003)
Identification and Secretion of Effectors From the Pseudomonas syringae Type III Secretion System
Losada Bohannon (2004)
10.1046/J.1365-313X.2000.00765.X
Expression of the Fusarium resistance gene I-2 colocalizes with the site of fungal containment.
J. Mes (2000)
10.1094/PHYTO.1999.89.12.1131
Loss of Avirulence and Reduced Pathogenicity of a Gamma-Irradiated Mutant of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.
J. Mes (1999)
10.1128/MMBR.62.2.379-433.1998
Type III Protein Secretion Systems in Bacterial Pathogens of Animals and Plants
C. Hueck (1998)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar