Bro1 Stimulates Vps4 Activity To Promote Intralumenal Vesicle Formation During Multivesicular Body Biogenesis
Endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT-0, -I, -II, -III) execute cargo sorting and intralumenal vesicle (ILV) formation during conversion of endosomes to multivesicular bodies (MVBs). The AAA-ATPase Vps4 regulates the ESCRT-III polymer to facilitate membrane remodeling and ILV scission during MVB biogenesis. Here we show that the conserved V domain of ESCRT-associated protein Bro1 (the yeast homolog of mammalian proteins ALIX and HD-PTP) directly stimulates Vps4. This activity is required for MVB cargo sorting. Furthermore, the Bro1 V domain alone supports Vps4/ESCRT-driven ILV formation
Cargo sorting is coordinated with intralumenal vesicle budding during ESCRT-mediated multivesicular body biogenesis. Bro1 V domain stimulates Vps4 to promote ESCRT-III-driven intralumenal vesicle formation in a manner required for this coordinated process.