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Succinate Dehydrogenase (SDH)-subunit C Regulates Muscle Oxygen Consumption And Fatigability In An Animal Model Of Pulmonary Emphysema

Joseph Balnis, Lisa A. Drake, Catherine E. Vincent, Tanner C. Korponay, Diane V. Singer, David Lacomis, Chun Geun Lee, Jack A. Elias, Harold A. Singer, Ariel Jaitovich

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AbstractPatients with pulmonary emphysema often develop locomotor muscle dysfunction, which is independently associated with disability and higher mortality in that population. Muscle dysfunction entails reduced force-generation capacity which partially depends on fibers’ oxidative potential, yet very little mechanistic research has focused on muscle respiration in pulmonary emphysema. Using a recently established animal model of pulmonary emphysema-driven skeletal muscle dysfunction, we found downregulation of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) subunit C in association with lower oxygen consumption and fatigue-tolerance in locomotor muscles. Reduced SDH activity has been previously observed in muscles from patients with pulmonary emphysema and we found that SDHC is required to support respiration in cultured muscle cells. Moreover, in-vivo gain of SDH function in emphysema animals muscles resulted in better oxygen consumption rate (OCR) and fatigue tolerance. These changes correlated with a larger number of relatively more oxidative type 2-A and 2X fibers, and a reduced amount of 2B fibers. Our data suggests that SDHC is a key regulator of respiration and fatigability in pulmonary emphysema-driven skeletal muscles, which could be impactful to develop strategies aimed at attenuating this comorbidity.