3D Neuronal Mitochondrial Morphology In Axons, Dendrites, And Somata Of The Aging Mouse Hippocampus
The brain’s ability to process complex informations relies on the constant supply of energy through aerobic respiration by mitochondria. Neurons contain three anatomically distinct compartments – the soma, dendrites, and projecting axons – which have different energetic and biochemical requirements, as well as different mitochondrial morphologies in cultured systems. Here we apply a quantitative three-dimensional electron microscopy approach to map mitochondrial network morphology and complexity in the mouse brain. We examine three neuronal sub-compartments – the soma, dendrites, myelinated axons – in the dentate gyrus and CA1 of the mouse hippocampus, two subregions with distinct principal cell types and functions. We also establish compartment-specific differences in mitochondrial morphology across these cell types between young and old mice, highlighting differences in age-related morphological recalibrations. Overall, these data define the nature of the neuronal mitochondrial network in the mouse hippocampus, providing a foundation to examine the role of mitochondrial morpho-function in the aging brain.