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Strigo-D2 – A Bio-sensor For Monitoring The Spatio-temporal Pattern Of Strigolactone Signaling In Intact Plants

Changzheng Song, Jiao Zhao, Marjorie Guichard, Dongbo Shi, Guido Grossmann, Christian Schmitt, Virginie Jouannet, Thomas Greb

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AbstractStrigolactones (SLs) are a class of plant hormones modulating developmental programs in response to endogenous and exogenous stimuli and mediating biotic interactions. However, a comprehensive view on the spatio-temporal pattern of SL signaling has not been established and tools for a systematic in planta analysis do not exist. Here, we present Strigo-D2, a genetically encoded ratiometric SL signaling sensor, allowing the examination of SL signaling distribution with cellular resolution and its rapid response to altered SL levels in intact plants. By monitoring the abundance of a truncated and fluorescently labeled SUPPRESSOR OF MAX2 1-LIKE 6 (SMXL6) protein, a proteolytic target of the SL signaling machinery, we show that all cell types investigated have the capacity to respond to changes in SL levels but with very different dynamics. In particular, SL signaling is pronounced in vascular cells but low in guard cells and the meristematic region of the root. We also show that other hormones leave Strigo-D2 activity unchanged indicating that initial SL signaling steps work in isolation from other hormonal signaling pathways. Specificity and spatio-temporal resolution of Strigo-D2 underline the value of the sensor for monitoring SL signaling in a broad range of biological contexts and with highly instructive analytical depth.