Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Kinship Does Not Predict The Structure Of A Shark Social Network

J. Mourier, S. Planes
Published 2019 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Genetic relatedness in animal societies is often a factor that drives the structure of social groups. In the marine world, most studies which have investigated this question have focused on marine mammals such as whales and dolphins. For sharks, recent studies have demonstrated preferential associations among individuals from which social communities emerge. Assortment patterns have been found according to phenotypic or behavioural traits but the role of genetic relatedness in shaping the social structure of adult shark populations has, to the best our knowledge, never been investigated. Here, we used a social network analysis crossed with DNA microsatellite genotyping to investigate the role of the genetic relatedness in the social structure of a blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) population. Based on data from 156 groups of sharks, we used generalized affiliation indices to isolate social preferences from non-social associations, controlling for the contribution of sex, size, gregariousness, spatial and temporal overlap on social associations, to test for the influence of genetic relatedness on social structure. Kinship was not a predictor of associations and affiliations among sharks at the dyad or community levels as individuals tended to associate independently of the genetic relatedness among them. The lack of parental care in this species may contribute to the breakdown of family links in the population early in life, thereby preventing the formation of kin-based social networks.
This paper references
10.1017/S0016672300033620
Estimators for pairwise relatedness and individual inbreeding coefficients
K. Ritland (1996)
Social networks reveal 579 cultural behaviour in tool - using dolphins
J Mann (2012)
10.1098/rspb.2018.0006
Concede or clash? Solitary sharks competing for food assess rivals to decide
Pierpaolo F Brena (2018)
Blacktip Reef Sharks ( Carcharhinus melanopterus ) in a Fragmented Environment Show 636
Network analysis and theory in 646 shark ecology -methods and applications
J Mourier (2018)
Social bonds between unrelated females
EZ Cameron (2009)
Associations are more strongly
EC Best (2014)
Analyzing Animal Societies Quantitative Methods For Vertebrate Social Analysis
Karolin Baecker (2016)
10.1098/rspb.2008.0356
Kin in space: social viscosity in a spatially and genetically substructured network
J. Wolf (2008)
10.1111/1755-0998.12323
related: an R package for analysing pairwise relatedness from codominant molecular markers.
J. Pew (2015)
10.1007/s00265-019-2720-x
Social preferences and network structure in a population of reef manta rays
Robert J. Y. Perryman (2019)
An estimator for pairwise relatedness using molecular markers.
J. Wang (2002)
10.1016/j.tree.2017.05.005
Animal Social Network Theory Can Help Wildlife Conservation.
L. Snijders (2017)
On the gestation period of the blackfin reef shark, Carcharhinus 613 melanopterus
I F Porcher (2005)
R: A language and environment for statistical computing.
R. Team (2014)
10.1103/PhysRevE.74.036104
Finding community structure in networks using the eigenvectors of matrices.
M. Newman (2006)
10.1007/s00265-006-0197-x
A complex social structure with fission–fusion properties can emerge from a simple foraging model
G. Ramos-Fernández (2006)
Constructing, conducting and interpreting animal
DR Farine (2015)
Maximum-likelihood estimation of relatedness.
B. Milligan (2003)
10.1111/J.1467-2979.2011.00436.X
Social behaviour in sharks and rays: analysis, patterns and implications for conservation
D. Jacoby (2012)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.11.008
Evidence of social communities in a spatially structured network of a free-ranging shark species
J. Mourier (2012)
Social network structure in wintering
NN Arnberg (2015)
10.1371/journal.pone.0061067
Microsatellite Analyses of Blacktip Reef Sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) in a Fragmented Environment Show Structured Clusters
Thomas M. Vignaud (2013)
10.1038/nature08366
Cooperation between non-kin in animal societies
T. Clutton-Brock (2009)
10.1073/pnas.0900639106
Social bonds between unrelated females increase reproductive success in feral horses
E. Cameron (2009)
How life history and demography promote or inhibit
L Lehmann (2010)
698 micro-checker: software for identifying and correcting genotyping errors in microsatellite 699 data
Hutchinson Van Oosterhout Cock (2004)
10.1006/anbe.1993.1107
Social dynamics in salmonid fishes: do kin make better neighbours?
G. Brown (1993)
10.1111/mec.12583
Two decades of genetic profiling yields first evidence of natal philopatry and long-term fidelity to parturition sites in sharks.
K. Feldheim (2014)
10.1007/s10641-014-0289-9
Kin structure and social organization in the spotted eagle ray, Aetobatus narinari, off coastal Sarasota, FL
Jennifer M Newby (2014)
10.1098/rstb.2010.0138
How life history and demography promote or inhibit the evolution of helping behaviours
L. Lehmann (2010)
Animal Social Network Theory
L Snijders (2017)
Network analysis and theory
J Mourier (2018)
Kin structure and social
J Newby (2014)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.12.010
Male sexual harassment and female schooling behaviour in the eastern mosquitofish
M. Dadda (2005)
10.1111/1365-2656.12418
Constructing, conducting and interpreting animal social network analysis
D. Farine (2015)
Sampling Animal Association Networks
DW Franks (2010)
Blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus
A Chin (2015)
632 micro ‐ checker : software for identifying and correcting genotyping errors in microsatellite 633 data
Van Oosterhout Cock (2004)
10.1016/0022-5193(64)90038-4
The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I.
W. Hamilton (1964)
10.1111/mec.13366
Social network structure in wintering golden-crowned sparrows is not correlated with kinship.
Nina Nowshiravani Arnberg (2015)
Heterospecific 622 foraging associations between reef-associated sharks: first evidence of kleptoparasitism in 623 sharks
P Labourgade (2020)
Microsatellite Analyses of 635 Blacktip Reef Sharks ( Carcharhinus melanopterus ) in a Fragmented Environment Show 636 Structured Clusters
T Vignaud (2013)
10.1007/s11336-007-9016-1
Sensitivity of MRQAP Tests to Collinearity and Autocorrelation Conditions
D. Dekker (2007)
10.1111/2041-210X.12772
A guide to null models for animal social network analysis
D. Farine (2017)
10.1159/000154113
Similarity of DNA fingerprints due to chance and relatedness.
C. Li (1993)
537 Assortative interactions and leadership in a free - ranging population of juvenile lemon shark 538 Negaprion brevirostris
TL Guttridge (2011)
10.1038/ncomms1983
Social networks reveal cultural behaviour in tool-using [corrected] dolphins.
J. Mann (2012)
10.1098/rspb.2010.1752
Living with strangers: direct benefits favour non-kin cooperation in a communally nesting bird
C. Riehl (2010)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.12.011
Genetic relatedness does not predict racoon social network structure
B. T. Hirsch (2013)
10.1098/rspb.2012.2573
Food sharing in vampire bats: reciprocal help predicts donations more than relatedness or harassment
G. Carter (2013)
Social networks reveal
J Mann (2012)
Concede or clash? Solitary sharks
PF Brena (2018)
Social networks reveal 638 cultural behaviour in tool-using dolphins
J Mann (2012)
10.1038/44314
Familiarity breeds contempt in guppies
J. Kelley (1999)
Genetic relatedness does not predict
BT Hirsch (2013)
Blacktip Reef Sharks ( Carcharhinus melanopterus ) in a Fragmented Environment Show 702
10.1017/S0016672307008798
Triadic IBD coefficients and applications to estimating pairwise relatedness.
J. Wang (2007)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.12.011
Associations are more strongly correlated with space use than kinship in female eastern grey kangaroos
E. Best (2014)
10.1111/J.1439-0310.2009.01732.X
Cryptic Kin Selection: Kin Structure in Vertebrate Populations and Opportunities for Kin‐Directed Cooperation
B. J. Hatchwell (2010)
10.1098/rstb.2015.0095
Non-kin cooperation in bats
G. Wilkinson (2016)
Inferring animal social networks
DMP Jacoby (2016)
10.1098/rsbl.2018.0909
Homophily around specialized foraging underlies dolphin social preferences
A. M. Machado (2019)
10.5860/choice.46-5619
Analyzing Animal Societies: Quantitative Methods for Vertebrate Social Analysis
H. Whitehead (2008)
10.1093/conphys/cov062
Blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) show high capacity for wound healing and recovery following injury
A. Chin (2015)
10.1006/anbe.1998.0802
A method for testing association patterns of social animals
Lars Bejder (1998)
10.1658/1100-9233(2003)014[0927:VAPORF]2.0.CO;2
VEGAN, a package of R functions for community ecology
P. Dixon (2003)
10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05240.x
Society, demography and genetic structure in the spotted hyena.
K. Holekamp (2012)
10.1098/rspb.2010.2718
Bats are able to maintain long-term social relationships despite the high fission–fusion dynamics of their groups
G. Kerth (2011)
10.1007/s00265-009-0865-8
Sampling animal association networks with the gambit of the group
D. W. Franks (2009)
10.1111/mec.12936
Blacktip reef sharks, Carcharhinus melanopterus, have high genetic structure and varying demographic histories in their Indo-Pacific range.
Thomas M. Vignaud (2014)
10.1016/S0065-3454(08)60215-6
Techniques for Analyzing Vertebrate Social Structure Using Identified Individuals: Review and Recommendations
H. Whitehead (1999)
10.1534/genetics.167.1.531
Statistical Framework for Phylogenomic Analysis of Gene Family Expression Profiles
X. Gu (2004)
Microsatellite Analyses
T Vignaud (2013)
Direct genetic evidence for reproductive philopatry and associated 656 fine-scale migrations in female blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus
J Mourier (2013)
10.1111/2041-210X.12121
Animal social network inference and permutations for ecologists in R using asnipe
D. Farine (2013)
10.1111/J.1471-8286.2004.00684.X
Micro-Checker: Software for identifying and correcting genotyping errors in microsatellite data
C. Oosterhout (2004)
Genetic relatedness in groups
PM Buston (2009)
10.1111/mec.12103
Direct genetic evidence for reproductive philopatry and associated fine-scale migrations in female blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus) in French Polynesia.
J. Mourier (2013)
Estimation of pairwise relatedness with molecular markers.
M. Lynch (1999)
10.1577/1548-8659(2001)130<0376:SOJLSA>2.0.CO;2
Survival of Juvenile Lemon Sharks at Bimini, Bahamas, Estimated by Mark–Depletion Experiments
S. Gruber (2001)
10.1093/BEHECO/ARQ061
Sex and social networking: the influence of male presence on social structure of female shark groups
D. Jacoby (2010)
10.1002/AQC.2349
Ontogenetic movements of juvenile blacktip reef sharks: evidence of dispersal and connectivity between coastal habitats and coral reefs
A. Chin (2013)
Scale-dependent effects
YP Papastamatiou (2009)
10.1111/jfb.12039
Population structure, spatial distribution and life-history traits of blacktip reef sharks Carcharhinus melanopterus.
Johann Mourier (2013)
Ontogenetic movements
A Chin (2013)
10.1111/2041-210X.12383
Generalized affiliation indices extract affiliations from social network data
Hal Whitehead (2015)
10.1093/BEHECO/ARZ033
Genetic relatedness delineates the social structure of southern Australian bottlenose dolphins
F. Diaz-Aguirre (2019)
10.1016/j.cub.2016.05.058
Extreme Inverted Trophic Pyramid of Reef Sharks Supported by Spawning Groupers
J. Mourier (2016)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.08.013
Female bisexual kinship ties maintain social cohesion in a dolphin network
J. Wiszniewski (2010)
10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04289.x
Long-term natal site-fidelity by immature lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) at a subtropical island.
D. Chapman (2009)
10.3354/MEPS08929
Assortative interactions and leadership in a free-ranging population of juvenile lemon shark Negaprion brevirostris
Tristan L. Guttridge (2011)
10.1093/beheco/arx034
Kinship and association in a highly social apex predator population, killer whales at Marion Island
R. Reisinger (2017)
Survival of Juvenile Lemon Sharks at 531
S H Gruber (2001)
Direct genetic evidence for reproductive philopatry and associated 595 fine-scale migrations in female blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus
J Mourier (2013)
Microsatellite Analyses of 635
T Vignaud (2013)
10.1111/j.1558-5646.1985.tb00459.x
ON ESTIMATING RELATEDNESS USING GENETIC MARKERS
G. Wilkinson (1985)
10.1007/s00338-015-1290-2
A massive surgeonfish aggregation creates a unique opportunity for reef sharks
O. C. Weideli (2015)
Estimated by Mark-Depletion Experiments
Bahamas Bimini
Network analysis and theory in 585 shark ecology - methods and applications
J Mourier (2018)
Genetic relatedness delineates
F Diaz-Aguirre (2019)
10.1890/08-0491.1
Scale-dependent effects of habitat on movements and path structure of reef sharks at a predator-dominated atoll.
Y. Papastamatiou (2009)
10.1016/S0003-3472(87)80018-0
A comparison of association indices
S. Cairns (1987)
10.1038/325433a0
TIT FOR TAT in sticklebacks and the evolution of cooperation
M. Milinski (1987)
10.1098/rsbl.2016.0824
Learning and robustness to catch-and-release fishing in a shark social network
J. Mourier (2017)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.12.010
Correcting for the impact of gregariousness in social network analyses
Sophie Godde (2013)
10.1098/rsif.2016.0676
Inferring animal social networks and leadership: applications for passive monitoring arrays
D. Jacoby (2016)
10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04383.x
Genetic relatedness in groups of the humbug damselfish Dascyllus aruanus: small, similar-sized individuals may be close kin.
P. Buston (2009)
Survival of Juvenile Lemon Sharks
SH Gruber (2001)
Homophily around specialized
PC Simões-Lopes (2019)
10.5860/choice.41-0302
Living in groups
Rosa R. Krausz (2002)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.06.009
Social preferences of juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris
Tristan L. Guttridge (2009)
10.1098/rspb.2009.0941
Where sociality and relatedness diverge: the genetic basis for hierarchical social organization in African elephants
G. Wittemyer (2009)
10.1007/S00227-004-1518-0
On the gestation period of the blackfin reef shark, Carcharhinus melanopterus, in waters off Moorea, French Polynesia
I. Porcher (2005)
10.1007/s10071-012-0550-6
Social learning in juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris
T. Guttridge (2012)
10.1111/J.1095-8649.1997.TB01676.X
Effects of kinship on aggression and RNA content in juvenile Arctic charr
K. Olsén (1997)
Correcting for the impact
S Godde (2013)
Kin structure and social 664 organization in the spotted eagle ray, Aetobatus narinari, off coastal Sarasota, FL. Environ 665 Biol Fishes
J Newby (2014)
623 Kinship and association in a highly social apex predator population , killer whales at Marion 624 Island
C Riehl (2017)
10.1007/s00338-012-0976-y
Trophic interactions at the top of the coral reef food chain
J. Mourier (2012)
10.1007/s00442-012-2379-8
The role of relatedness in structuring the social network of a wild guppy population
D. Croft (2012)
10.1016/S0003-3472(86)80208-1
Oddity and the ‘confusion effect’ in predation
Laurie Landeau (1986)
10.1098/rspb.2005.3361
The ties that bind: genetic relatedness predicts the fission and fusion of social groups in wild African elephants
E. Archie (2005)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.11.011
Fission–fusion dynamics in wild giraffes may be driven by kinship, spatial overlap and individual social preferences
Kerryn D. Carter (2013)
10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.08.029
Association indices for quantifying social relationships: how to deal with missing observations of individuals or groups
W. Hoppitt (2018)



Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar