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Smallest Carbon Nanotube Is 3 A In Diameter.

X. Zhao, Y. Liu, S. Inoue, T. Suzuki, R. O. Jones, Y. Ando
Published 2004 · Materials Science, Medicine

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Previous energetic considerations have led to the belief that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) of 4 A in diameter are the smallest stable CNTs. Using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, we find that a stable 3 A CNT can be grown inside a multiwalled carbon nanotube. Density functional calculations indicate that the 3 A CNT is the armchair CNT(2,2) with a radial breathing mode at 787 cm(-1). Each end can be capped by half of a C12 cage (hexagonal prism) containing tetragons.
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