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DOI: 10.1109/2944.605656

# InGaAs-GaAs Quantum-dot Lasers

D. Bimberg, N. Kirstaedter, N. Ledentsov, Z. Alferov, P. Kop’ev, V. Ustinov

Published 1997 · Physics

Quantum-dot (QD) lasers provide superior lasing characteristics compared to quantum-well (QW) and QW wire lasers due to their delta like density of states. Record threshold current densities of 40 A/spl middot/cm/sup -2/ at 77 K and of 62 A/spl middot/cm/sup -2/ at 300 K are obtained while a characteristic temperature of 385 K is maintained up to 300 K. The internal quantum efficiency approaches values of /spl sim/80 %. Currently, operating QD lasers show broad-gain spectra with full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) up to /spl sim/50 meV, ultrahigh material gain of /spl sim/10/sup 5/ cm/sup -1/, differential gain of /spl sim/10/sup -13/ cm/sup 2/ and strong nonlinear gain effects with a gain compression coefficient of /spl sim/10/sup -16/ cm/sup 3/. The modulation bandwidth is limited by nonlinear gain effects but can be increased by careful choice of the energy difference between QD and barrier states. The linewidth enhancement factor is /spl sim/0.5. The InGaAs-GaAs QD emission can be tuned between 0.95 /spl mu/m and 1.37 /spl mu/m at 300 K.

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