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Effects Of Menthol On The Triggering Of The Swallowing Reflex In Elderly Patients With Dysphagia.

T. Ebihara, S. Ebihara, Aya Watando, T. Okazaki, M. Asada, T. Ohrui, M. Yamaya, H. Arai
Published 2006 · Medicine

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AIMS To investigate the effect of menthol on swallowing reflex sensitivity in elderly patients with dysphagia. METHODS AND RESULTS The swallowing reflex sensitivity of institutionalized elderly patients was evaluated as a latent time of swallowing reflex (LTSR), induced by the injection of 1 ml solution into the pharynx. LTSR was significantly shortened in a concentration-dependent manner, from 13.8 s [95% confidence interval (CI) 11.1, 16.5] by distilled water to 9.4 s (95% CI 7.1. 11.8) by 10(-2)m menthol. CONCLUSION Using menthol with elderly patients with dysphagia may improve the sensitivity of their swallowing reflex, resulting in prevention of aspiration pneumonia.
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