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Kinetics Of The Two-step Hydrolysis Of Triacylglycerol By Pancreatic Lipases.
Published 1995 · Chemistry, Medicine
Pancreatic lipases catalyze the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol in a sequential manner. First, triacylglycerol is hydrolyzed to 1,2-diacylglycerol, which is subsequently converted to 2-monoacylglycerol. We studied the kinetics of trioleoylglycerol hydrolysis by rabbit and human pancreatic lipases. The products (acylglycerols and fatty acid) were analyzed by extraction from the reaction mixture, separation by thin-layer chromatography, and quantification by capillary gas chromatography. The first-order rate constants of trioleoylglycerol and dioleoylglycerol hydrolysis were calculated showing that both enzymes hydrolyze dioleoylglycerol faster than trioleoylglycerol. Using rabbit pancreatic lipase, we found that deoxycholate enhanced dioleoylglycerol hydrolysis to a higher degree than trioleoylglycerol hydrolysis. Colipase increased both rate constants similarly at high deoxycholate concentrations (35 mM), while at low concentrations (5 mM) a selectivity toward trioleoylglycerol was observed. From the variation of the rate constants with respect to temperature, we calculated the apparent activation energies of trioleoylglycerol and dioleoylglycerol hydrolysis to be 59.8 kJ.mol-1 and 53.5 kJ.mol-1, respectively. Upon storage, both rabbit and human pancreatic lipases showed a greater loss of activity toward dioleoylglycerol as compared to trioleoylglycerol, suggesting that different conformational elements of the enzyme molecule are responsible for the interaction with each substrate.