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Urinary Incontinence And Newly Invented Pad Technique: Patients', Close Relatives' And Nursing Staff's Experiences And Beliefs

L. Kristiansen, A. Björk, Viveka Broman Kock, A. Nilsson, Ylva Rönngren, A. Smedberg, Åsa Trillo
Published 2011 · Medicine

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Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major public health issue and considered to be undertreated, costly and often lead to suffering for patients. Close relatives involved in caring for sufferers describe UI as a complicated problem. For older patients, close relatives and staff, it is important with high absorption UI pads in order to have an undisturbed nightly rest and to prevent bedsores. The aim was twofold: to understand older persons', close relatives' and nursing staff's views and experiences of UI, and their experience of using a particular UI pad system with an alarm. A qualitative design with individual and focus-group interviews was used to describe 6 patients', 14 close relatives' and 22 staff's experience of UI. These were analysed by using qualitative manifest analysis. The findings were divided into four categories. The patients expressed that they, due to UI, regarded themselves as burdens to others. The patients, the relatives and some staff experienced UI as a natural consequence of ageing. The UI pad system appeared to be a functional incontinence aid during the night, but more research is needed to develop the product and to find new fields of applications. From all perspectives, it appears that nursing cannot be replaced by technology, though the UI pad system can be a very useful complement in UI nursing care. Complementary use of the UI pad system might lead to a more economically effective and safe use of the existing nursing resources.
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