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Comparison Of Mechanical Properties Of Various Suture Repair Techniques In A Partially Lacerated Tendon.
Published 2000 · Medicine
The technique of surgical repair for zone two flexor tendon injuries has been debated extensively throughout the years, yet adhesion formation, suture rupture, and suture locking on the pulley edge remain possible consequences of a poor repair. The partially lacerated tendon is especially challenging to treat since there can be justification for not intervening surgically. In a partial laceration canine model we measured failure load and suture gap formation for tendons repaired with the Lee, modified four-strand Savage, Kessler, modified Kessler, and Augmented Becker core suture techniques and with a simple running peripheral suture. The modified Kessler (106.3 N, SD 18.8 N) and modified Savage (108.2 N, SD 19.9 N) repair techniques had a significantly higher failure load than the Lee (85.0 N, SD 20.6 N) suture method (P < 0.05), while there were no differences among the other techniques. There were no significant differences in resistance to gap formation among the repair techniques, with the mean values ranging from 38.9 N/mm (SD 15.7 N/mm) using the simple running suture to 53.2 N/mm (SD 25.8 N/mm) with the Kessler repair. The mean load to produce a 1.5 mm repair site gap ranged from 71.1 N (SD 21.5 N) in the Lee repair to 91.3 N (SD 22.2 N) in the Augmented Becker repair although there were no significant differences among repair methods. All repair methods were much weaker than tendons left unrepaired (184.7 N, SD 41.3 N).