Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

A Biomechanical Model Of Cardinal Vowel Production: Muscle Activations And The Impact Of Gravity On Tongue Positioning.

Stéphanie Buchaillard, P. Perrier, Y. Payan
Published 2009 · Physics, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
A three-dimensional (3D) biomechanical model of the tongue and the oral cavity, controlled by a functional model of muscle force generation (lambda-model of the equilibrium point hypothesis) and coupled with an acoustic model, was exploited to study the activation of the tongue and mouth floor muscles during the production of French cardinal vowels. The selection of the motor commands to control the tongue and the mouth floor muscles was based on literature data, such as electromyographic, electropalatographic, and cineradiographic data. The tongue shapes were also compared to data obtained from the speaker used to build the model. 3D modeling offered the opportunity to investigate the role of the transversalis, in particular, its involvement in the production of high front vowels. It was found, with this model, to be indirect via reflex mechanisms due to the activation of surrounding muscles, not voluntary. For vowel /i/, local motor command variations for the main tongue muscles revealed a non-negligible modification of the alveolar groove in contradiction to the saturation effect hypothesis, due to the role of the anterior genioglossus. Finally, the impact of subject position (supine or upright) on the production of French cardinal vowels was explored and found to be negligible.
This paper references
Morphological analysis of the human tongue musculature for threedimensional modelling
H Takemoto (2001)
10.1121/1.411871
Physiological modeling of speech production: methods for modeling soft-tissue articulators.
R. Wilhelms-Tricarico (1995)
10.1016/J.MEDENGPHY.2005.08.001
Non-linear elastic properties of the lingual and facial tissues assessed by indentation technique. Application to the biomechanics of speech production.
J. Gerard (2005)
10.1080/02699200410003583
Functional segments in tongue movement
M. Stone (2004)
10.1121/1.398804
Vocalic nomograms: Acoustic and articulatory considerations upon formant convergences
P. Badin (1990)
J. Acoust. Soc. Am
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.19-20-09073.1999
Effects of Gravitational Load on Jaw Movements in Speech
D. Shiller (1999)
Electromyography of the tongue muscles during vowels in /@pVp/ environment
T Baer (1988)
10.4324/9780203782989
Speech Production: Models, Phonetic Processes, and Techniques
J. Harrington (2006)
Finite Element Procedures
K. J. Bathe (1995)
Development of a tongue and mouth floor model for normalization and biomechanical modelling
R Wilhelms-Tricarico
The Psychophysics of Speech Perception (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht), chap. Does the human auditory system include large scale spectral integration?, Nato Asi
J L Schwartz (1987)
10.1006/jpho.2000.0116
A theory of speech motor control and supporting data from speakers with normal hearing and with profound hearing loss
J. S. Perkell (2000)
Physical properties of tissue : a comprehensive reference book
F. Duck (1990)
A theory of speech motor control and supporting data from speak- 46 hal-00422426, version 1 -7 Oct 2009 ers with normal hearing and with profound hearing loss
R Zandipour (2000)
Modeling the production of VCV sequences via the inversion of a biomechanical model of the tongue
P. Perrier (2005)
About speech motor control complexity
P. Perrier (2006)
10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.01048.2003
Fast force-generation dynamics of human articulatory muscles.
T. Ito (2004)
10.1007/978-94-009-2037-8_6
Compensatory Articulation During Speech: Evidence from the Analysis and Synthesis of Vocal-Tract Shapes Using an Articulatory Model
S. Maeda (1990)
10.1242/jeb.007096
Anatomical basis of lingual hydrostatic deformation
R. Gilbert (2007)
10.1043/0003-3219(2000)070<0063:RRGEAI>2.0.CO;2
Respiratory-related genioglossus electromyographic activity in response to head rotation and changes in body position.
R. Otsuka (2000)
Electromyography of the tongue muscles during vowels in /@pVp/ environment
T Baer (1988)
“ Morphological analysis of the human tongue musculature for three - dimensional modelling
M. K. Tiede (2000)
de la position de l'os hyo¨hyo¨ıde de l'Homme moderne (Variation and prediction of the hyoid bone position for modern man)
10.1121/1.414968
Two cross-linguistic factors underlying tongue shapes for vowels.
D. Nix (1996)
3D biomechanical tongue modeling to study speech production
J. Gérard (2006)
“ Influence of tongue biomechanics on speech movements during the production of velar J . Acoust . Soc . Am . , Vol . 126 , No . 4 , October 2009 B stop consonants : A modeling study , ”
P. Perrier (2003)
10.1016/j.wocn.2006.01.001
Principal components of vocal-tract area functions and inversion of vowels by linear regression of cepstrum coefficients
P. Mokhtari (2007)
10.1007/s00221-004-2049-0
Testing hypotheses and the advancement of science: recent attempts to falsify the equilibrium point hypothesis
A. Feldman (2004)
10.1002/RCS.142
Simulations of the consequences of tongue surgery on tongue mobility: implications for speech production in post‐surgery conditions
Stéphanie Buchaillard (2007)
The Psychophysics of Speech Perception ͑Martinus Nijhoff
J L Schwartz
10.1121/1.421296
A dynamic biomechanical model for neural control of speech production.
V. Sanguineti (1998)
A Preliminary Report on the Electromyographic Study of the Activity of Lingual Muscles
K Miyawaki (1975)
10.1113/jphysiol.2002.033845
The Case for an Internal Dynamics Model versus Equilibrium Point Control in Human Movement
M. R. Hinder (2003)
Variation et prédiction de la position de l'os hyoïde de l'Homme moderne ͑Variation and prediction of the hyoid bone position for modern man͒
L.-J Boë
10.1121/1.1977665
Factor analysis of tongue shapes.
R. Harshman (1977)
A 3D dynamical biomechanical tongue model to study speech motor control
Jean-Michel Gérard (2003)
An EMMA and EPG study on token-to-token variability
Christine Mooshammer (2005)
“ Variation et prédiction de la position de l ’ os hyoïde de l ’ Homme moderne  Variation and prediction of the hyoid bone position for modern man  , ”
L.-J. Boë (2006)
10.1121/1.2020773
Computation of mapping from muscular contraction patterns to formant patterns in vowel space
Y. Kakita (1983)
10.1126/science.272.5258.117
Equilibrium-Point Control Hypothesis Examined by Measured Arm Stiffness During Multijoint Movement
H. Gomi (1996)
Physical properties of tissue
F. Duck (1990)
10.1080/00222895.1986.10735369
Once More on the Equilibrium-Point Hypothesis (λ Model) for Motor Control
A. Feldman (1986)
10.1121/1.1587737
Influences of tongue biomechanics on speech movements during the production of velar stop consonants: a modeling study.
P. Perrier (2003)
10.11501/3191344
Respiratory-related genioglossus electromyographic activity in response to head rotation and changes in body position
大塚 亮 (2000)
The Control of Token-to-Token Variability: an Experimental and Modeling Study.
Christine Mooshammer (2001)
The Psychophysics of Speech Perception (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht), chap. Does the human auditory system include large scale spectral integration?, Nato Asi
J L Schwartz (1987)
Degrees of freedom of tongue movements in speech may be constrained by biomechanics
P. Perrier (2000)
10.1109/SBEC.1993.247406
A comparison of formant frequencies for vowels pronounced in the supine and upright positions
A.D. Weir (1993)
Morphological analysis of the human tongue musculature for three-dimensional modelling
H Takemoto
A model based investigation of activation patterns of the tongue muscles for vowel production
Qiang Fang (2008)
10.1121/1.1639325
Construction and control of a physiological articulatory model.
J. Dang (2004)
10.1044/JSHR.3902.365
The equilibrium point hypothesis and its application to speech motor control.
P. Perrier (1996)
10.1016/S0096-4174(18)30128-8
Muscle structure and theories of contraction.
A. Huxley (1957)
10.1152/JN.1999.82.5.2310
Compensation for interaction torques during single- and multijoint limb movement.
P. Gribble (1999)
Morphological analysis of the human tongue musculature for three-dimensional modelling
H Takemoto
The Psychophysics of Speech Perception ͑Martinus Nijhoff
J L Schwartz
10.2307/412207
Physiology of speech production: results and implications of a quantitative cineradiographic study
J. Perkell (1969)
10.1121/1.414969
Three-dimensional tongue surface shapes of English consonants and vowels.
M. Stone (1996)
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.21-16-06447.2001
Compensation for the Effects of Head Acceleration on Jaw Movement in Speech
D. Shiller (2001)
A Preliminary Report on the Electromyographic Study of the Activity of Lingual Muscles
K Miyawaki (1975)
Labiality and phonetics: fundamental data and experimental studies on lip geometry and mobility)
Physical Properties of Tissues: A Comprehensive Reference Book ͑Academic, London͒
F A Duck
Variation et prédiction de la position de l'os hyoïde de l'Homme moderne ͑Variation and prediction of the hyoid bone position for modern man͒
L.-J Boë
10.1121/1.396979
Analysis of tongue positions: language-specific and cross-linguistic models.
M. Jackson (1988)
Modelling tongue configuration in German vowel production
P. Hoole (1998)
“ Influence of tongue biomechanics on speech movements during the production of velar J . Acoust . Soc . Am . , Vol . 126 , No . 4 , October 2009 B stop consonants : A modeling study , ”
P. Perrier (2003)
October 2009 Buchaillard et al.: Modeling study of cardinal vowel production
Cinéradiographie des voyelles et des consonnes du français (Cineradiography of vowels and consonants in French) (Institut de Phonétique
A Bothorel (1986)
Remarks on quantitative description of lingual articulation
O Fujimura (1979)
10.1159/000089968
Neuromuscular Organization of the Superior Longitudinalis Muscle in the Human Tongue
Katrina Slaughter (2005)
10.1177/058310247801000905
Book Reviews : NUMERICAL METHODS IN FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS K.-J. Bathe and E.L. Wilson Prentice-Hall, Inc, Englewood Cliffs, NJ
H. Saunders (1978)
Compensatory articulation during speech: Evidence Modeling study of cardinal vowel production from the analysis and synthesis of vocal-tract shapes using an articulatory model
S Maeda (2009)
Variation et prédiction
L.-J Boë (2006)
Morphological analysis of the human tongue musculature for threedimensional modelling
H Takemoto (2001)
Remarks on quantitative description of lingual articulation
O Fujimura (1979)
Physical Properties of Tissues: A Comprehensive Reference Book ͑Academic, London͒
F A Duck
A physiologically-oriented model of tongue activity in speech production.
J. S. Perkell (1974)
10.1002/(SICI)1097-0185(199707)248:3<464::AID-AR20>3.0.CO;2-M
Architecture of the human jaw‐closing and jaw‐opening muscles
T. van Eijden (1997)
10.1006/JPHO.1996.0002
Properties of the tongue help to define vowel categories: hypotheses based on physiologically-oriented modeling
J. Perkell (1996)
10.1044/1092-4388(2001/009)
Morphological analyses of the human tongue musculature for three-dimensional modeling.
H. Takemoto (2001)
October 2009 Buchaillard et al.: Modeling study of cardinal vowel production
10.1121/1.391940
Variability in production of the vowels /i/ and /a/.
J. Perkell (1985)
10.1016/S0167-6393(97)00019-8
Synthesis of V-V sequences with a 2D biomechanical tongue model controlled by the Equilibrium Point Hypothesis
Y. Payan (1997)
J. Acoust. Soc. Am
10.1250/AST.7.39
Estimation of the muscular tensions of the human tongue by using a three-dimensional model of the tongue.
Kiyoshi Hashimoto (1986)
Variation et prédiction
L.-J Boë (2006)
10.1006/jpho.2002.0166
Three-dimensional linear articulatory modeling of tongue, lips and face, based on MRI and video images
P. Badin (2002)
Contrasts in speech articulation observed in sitting and supine conditions
Mark K. Tiede (2000)
Labiality and phonetics: fundamental data and experimental studies on lip geometry and mobility)
“ Functions of tongue - related muscles during production of the five Japanese vowels
S. Niimi (1994)
de la position de l'os hyo¨hyo¨ıde de l'Homme moderne (Variation and prediction of the hyoid bone position for modern man)
Cinéradiographie des voyelles et des consonnes du français (Cineradiography of vowels and consonants in French) (Institut de Phonétique
A Bothorel (1986)
Compensatory articulation during speech: Evidence Modeling study of cardinal vowel production from the analysis and synthesis of vocal-tract shapes using an articulatory model
S Maeda (2009)
A 3D biomechanical vocal tract model to study speech production control: How to take into account the gravity?
St'ephanie Buchaillard (2006)
Labialité et phonétique. Données fondamentales et études expérimentales sur la géométrie et la motricité labiales
C. Abry (1980)
Lingual contact in selected English vowels and its acoustic consequence
I. Yuen (2007)
10.1006/JPHO.1996.0004
Organization of tongue articulation for vowels
K. Honda (1996)
“ Morphological analysis of the human tongue musculature for three - dimensional modelling
M. K. Tiede (2000)
“ Variation et prédiction de la position de l ’ os hyoïde de l ’ Homme moderne  Variation and prediction of the hyoid bone position for modern man  , ”
L.-J. Boë (2006)
10.1121/1.2715659
Comparison of speech production in upright and supine position.
M. Stone (2007)
Development of a tongue and mouth floor model for normalization and biomechanical modelling
R Wilhelms-Tricarico
A theory of speech motor control and supporting data from speak- 46 hal-00422426, version 1 -7 Oct 2009 ers with normal hearing and with profound hearing loss
R Zandipour (2000)
“ Functions of tongue - related muscles during production of the five Japanese vowels
S. Niimi (1994)
10.1007/BF00194930
The control of multi-muscle systems: human jaw and hyoid movements
R. Laboissière (1996)
10.1121/1.412945
Variability in the production of quantal vowels revisited
M. E. Beckman (1995)



This paper is referenced by
10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1576
Speaker-Specific Biomechanical Model-Based Investigation of a Simple Speech Task Based on Tagged-MRI
Keyi Tang (2017)
Review of Speech Production Research and Trends for Speech Synthesis
Masaaki Honmda (2014)
10.14288/1.0071518
Byte your tongue : a computational model of human mandibular-lingual biomechanics for biomedical applications
I. Stavness (2010)
10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1500
Using a Biomechanical Model and Articulatory Data for the Numerical Production of Vowels
S. Dabbaghchian (2016)
The influence of first language on playing brass instruments : an ultrasound study of Tongan and New Zealand trombonists.
M. Heyne (2016)
VIRTUAL SURGERY: Development of a surgical simulation tool for the prediction of functional impairment after partial glossectomy
K D R Kappert (2016)
10.1101/197285
Current Speech Motor Control Models: An Overview of Architectures & Properties
Benjamin Parrell (2017)
Implant de déformation de langue
Fabian Hermann Urban Füglister (2013)
10.1109/MeMeA.2018.8438744
Estimating Facial Neuromotor Activity from sEMG and Accelerometry for Speech Articulation
Andrés Gómez-Rodellar (2018)
Virtual Speech Researchers use virtual tools to model and simulate the human vocal tract and upper airway
Sidney S. Fels ()
10.1002/cnm.3159
Reconstruction of vocal tract geometries from biomechanical simulations
Saeed Dabbaghchian (2019)
10.1016/j.brainres.2014.02.017
Influence of position and stimulation parameters on intracortical inhibition and facilitation in human tongue motor cortex
M. Kothari (2014)
10.3726/978-3-653-01438-9/9
Gesture planning integrating knowledge of the motor plant's dynamics: A literature review from motor control and speech motor control
P. Perrier (2012)
Corrélats cérébraux de l'adaptation de la parole après exérèse de la cavité orale
A. Acher (2014)
10.1121/1.4978420
Variability in muscle activation of simple speech motions: A biomechanical modeling approach.
Negar M Harandi (2017)
10.1007/978-1-4614-4466-4
Craniofacial Muscles
L. McLoon (2013)
10.14288/1.0072056
Kinematic patterning of flaps, taps and rhotics in English
D. Derrick (2011)
10.1597/13-107
Effects of Gravity on the Velopharyngeal Structures in Children Using Upright Magnetic Resonance Imaging
L. Kollara (2014)
10.1080/10255842.2019.1599362
An interactive surgical simulation tool to assess the consequences of a partial glossectomy on a biomechanical model of the tongue
K. D. R. Kappert (2019)
Investigation of Tongue Motor Control During Speech Production A Model Based Study
S. Dabbaghchian (2016)
10.3389/fphys.2017.00027
Association between Laryngeal Airway Aperture and the Discharge Rates of Genioglossus Motor Units
Amy LaCross (2017)
10.1371/journal.pone.0169321
Evidence of a Vocalic Proto-System in the Baboon (Papio papio) Suggests Pre-Hominin Speech Precursors
L. Boë (2017)
Model Reduction of Muscle-Driven Tissue Models
Erik Widing (2018)
10.1109/TVCG.2012.174
Physics-Based Deformable Tongue Visualization
Y. Yang (2013)
10.1002/ca.22313
Development of a computational biomechanical model of the human upper‐airway soft‐tissues toward simulating obstructive sleep apnea
Jean-Paul Pelteret (2014)
Predicting the consequences of tongue cancer surgery: design of a 3D patient-specific biomechanical model and evaluation
Pierre-Yves Rohan (2014)
10.1080/21681163.2015.1105760
Finite element models of the human tongue: a mixed-element mesh approach
Pierre-Yves Rohan (2017)
10.1080/21681163.2015.1072056
In vivo intraoperative hypoglossal nerve stimulation for quantitative tongue motion analysis
M. J. A. Alphen (2017)
10.1016/B978-0-12-804009-6.00018-3
Computational Modeling of the Passive and Active Components of the Face
Cormac Flynn (2017)
10.1121/1.3531932
Probing the independence of formant control using altered auditory feedback.
E. MacDonald (2011)
Chapter 19 : Human tongue biomechanical modeling
N. Hermant (2017)
10.1016/j.asoc.2014.06.017
Detection of severe obstructive sleep apnea through voice analysis
Jordi Solé-Casals (2014)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar