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NF-κB Antiapoptosis: Induction Of TRAF1 And TRAF2 And C-IAP1 And C-IAP2 To Suppress Caspase-8 Activation

Cun-Yu Wang, Marty W. Mayo, Robert G. Korneluk, David V. Goeddel, Albert S. Baldwin

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Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) binding to the TNF receptor (TNFR) potentially initiates apoptosis and activates the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), which suppresses apoptosis by an unknown mechanism. The activation of NF-κB was found to block the activation of caspase-8. TRAF1 (TNFR-associated factor 1), TRAF2, and the inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) proteins c-IAP1 and c-IAP2 were identified as gene targets of NF-κB transcriptional activity. In cells in which NF-κB was inactive, all of these proteins were required to fully suppress TNF-induced apoptosis, whereas c-IAP1 and c-IAP2 were sufficient to suppress etoposide-induced apoptosis. Thus, NF-κB activates a group of gene products that function cooperatively at the earliest checkpoint to suppress TNF-α–mediated apoptosis and that function more distally to suppress genotoxic agent–mediated apoptosis.