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In Vivo Display Of A Multisubunit Enzyme Complex On Biogenic Magnetic Nanoparticles

Shoji Ohuchi, Dirk Schüler

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ABSTRACT Magnetosomes are unique bacterial organelles comprising membrane-enveloped magnetic crystals produced by magnetotactic bacteria. Because of several desirable chemical and physical properties, magnetosomes would be ideal scaffolds on which to display highly complicated biological complexes artificially. As a model experiment for the functional expression of a multisubunit complex on magnetosomes, we examined the display of a chimeric bacterial RNase P enzyme composed of the protein subunit (C5) of Escherichia coli RNase P and the endogenous RNA subunit by expressing a translational fusion of C5 with MamC, a known magnetosome protein, in the magnetotactic bacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense. As intended, the purified C5 fusion magnetosomes, but not wild-type magnetosomes, showed apparent RNase P activity and the association of a typical bacterial RNase P RNA. Our results demonstrate for the first time that magnetosomes can be employed as scaffolds for the display of multisubunit complexes.