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Molecular Cloning Of A Human CDNA Encoding A Novel Protein, DAD1, Whose Defect Causes Apoptotic Cell Death In Hamster BHK21 Cells.

T Nakashima, T Sekiguchi, A Kuraoka, K Fukushima, Y Shibata, S Komiyama, T Nishimoto

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The tsBN7 cell line, one of the mutant lines temperature sensitive for growth which have been isolated from the BHK21 cell line, was found to die by apoptosis following a shift to the nonpermissive temperature. The induced apoptosis was inhibited by a protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, but not by the bcl-2-encoded protein. By DNA-mediated gene transfer, we cloned a cDNA that complements the tsBN7 mutation. It encodes a novel hydrophobic protein, designated DAD1, which is well conserved (100% identical amino acids between humans and hamsters). By comparing the base sequences of the parental BHK21 and tsBN7 DAD1 cDNAs, we found that the DAD1-encoding gene is mutated in tsBN7 cells. The DAD1 protein disappeared in tsBN7 cells following a shift to the nonpermissive temperature, suggesting that loss of the DAD1 protein triggers apoptosis.