Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Microbiological Investigations Of Paleosols Of Archeological Monuments In The Steppe Zone

T. Demkina, T. Khomutova, N. Kashirskaya, I. V. Stretovich, V. Demkin
Published 2010 · Environmental Science

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Microbiological studies of the paleosols of archeological monuments (burial mounds) of the Neolithic, Bronze, Early Iron, and Middle Ages (the fourth millennium BC to the fourteenth century AD) located in the dry and desert steppe of the Lower Volga River basin were conducted. The microbial communities that existed at the time of creating the burial mounds were shown to be preserved up to the present time. This fact was confirmed by the regularities of the distribution of the microorganisms in the “mound-buried soil” system and by the data on the determination of the age for the microbial fraction of the paleosols using the method of 14C atomic mass spectrometry. The total biomass of the microbial communities in the paleosols amounted to 20–40% of the microbial biomass in their background analogues. In all the paleosols, a special pool of viable microorganisms was present. In the microbial community of the paleosols, the biomass of the active microorganisms corresponded to 0.30–41.0% of the biomass in the present-day soil; the content of mycelium of microscopic fungi composed 43–50% of that in the recent soil. In the mycelium structure in the paleosols, the share of the dark-colored mycelium increased to 98–100%. The microbiological parameters that give a contrasting characterization of the state of the microbial communities in the soils during the arid and humid climatic periods were revealed. The changes of the arid and humid climatic epochs were reflected in the structure of the microbial communities in the paleosols at the ecological-trophic, metabolic, and genetic levels.
This paper references

This paper is referenced by
Viable paleosol microorganisms, paleoclimatic reconstruction, and relative dating in archaeology: a test case from Hell Gap, Wyoming, USA
Brigid Grund (2014)
Chronosequencing methanogenic archaea in ancient Longji rice Terraces in China
Y. Feng (2017)
The state of microbial communities in buried paleosols in relation to prevailing climates in steppes of the Lower Volga region
T. Khomutova (2014)
Variability of Microbial Biomass in Paleosols of Different-Age Burial Mounds of the Lower Volga Region in Relation to the Dynamics of Climate Humidity
N. Kashirskaya (2015)
State of microbial communities in paleosols buried under kurgans of the desert-steppe zone in the Middle Bronze Age (27th–26th centuries BC) in relation to the dynamics of climate humidity
T. Khomutova (2017)
Precipitation pattern during warm and cold periods in the Bronze Age (around 4.5-3.8 ka BP) in the desert steppes of Russia: Soil-microbiological approach for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction
T. Khomutova (2019)
The preservation of microbial DNA in archived soils of various genetic types
E. Ivanova (2017)
Humus in paleosols of archaeological monuments in the dry steppes of the Volga-Don interfluve
B. Zolotareva (2013)
The Mechanisms and Time Factor of the Enzyme Structure of a Paleosoil
N. Kashirskaya (2017)
Characterization of the microbial communities in the modern and buried under kurgans soils of solonetzic complexes in the dry steppes of the Lower Volga region
T. Demkina (2013)
Dynamics of the properties of steppe paleosols of the Sarmatian time (2nd century BC-4th century AD) in relation to secular variations in climatic humidity
V. Demkin (2012)
Cyanobacteria and algae of buried soils and their modern analogues
A. Temraleeva (2014)
Microbial characteristics of soils depending on the human impact on archaeological sites in the Northern Caucasus
S. Peters (2014)
New aspects of natural science studies of archaeological burial monuments (kurgans) in the southern Russian steppes
V. Demkin (2014)
Paleoecological crisis in the steppes of the Lower Volga region in the Middle of the Bronze Age (III–II centuries BC)
T. Demkina (2017)
Biological activity of soddy-calcareous soils and cultural layers in Alanian settlements of the Kislovodsk basin
E. Chernysheva (2014)
Microbial Communities of Interglacial and Interstadial Paleosols of the Late Pleistocene
M. Semenov (2020)
Microbial activity and diversity in the late Pleistocene palaeosols of alluvial Mahi River basin , Gujarat , western India
G. Subrahmanyam (2011)
Characterization of soil bacterial, archaeal and fungal communities inhabiting archaeological human-impacted layers at Monte Iato settlement (Sicily, Italy)
J. Siles (2018)
Stability and morphological and molecular-genetic identification of algae in buried soils
A. Temraleeva (2017)
The Dynamics of Soil Microbial Communities on Different Timescales: A Review
T. Chernov (2020)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar