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Growth And Development At Cold-hardening Temperatures. Chloroplast Ultrastructure, Pigment Content, And Composition
Published 1984 · Biology
Chloroplast ultrastructure, pigment content, and composition were investigated during growth of 'Puma' rye at warm and cold-hardening temperatures. Cytological characteristics of leaf mesophyll cells were altered upon growth at cold-hardening temperatures as indicated by an apparent increase in the amount of cytoplasm. Univacuolate and multivacuolate mesophyll cells were found in leaves from cold-hardened plants, but only univacuolate mesophyll cells were found in leaves from warm-grown plants. Chloroplast ultrastructure was affected by growth at low temperature as indicated by a higher frequency of smaller granal stacks. However, there was no significant difference in the number of grana per chloroplast in mesophyll cells from either warm- or cold-grown plants. Chlorophyll per plastid increased by a factor of 1.67 upon growth at cold-hardening temperatures, as did β-carotene and the xanthophylls. However, there was no significant difference in photosynthetic unit size based on P700 measurements between c...