First-principles Study On The Structural, Elastic And Electronic Properties Of Ti4N3 And Ti6N5 Under High Pressure
The structural, elastic and electronic properties of Ti4N3 and Ti6N5 have been systematically studied by first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) with generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and local density approximation (LDA). Basic physical properties for Ti4N3 and Ti6N5, such as the lattice constants, the bulk modulus, shear modulus, and elastic constants are calculated. The results show that Ti4N3 and Ti6N5 are mechanically stable under ambient pressure. The phonon dispersion spectra are researched throughout the Brillouin zone via the linear response approach as implemented in the CASTEP code, which indicate the optimized structures are stable dynamically. The Young’s modulus E and Poisson’s ratios [Formula: see text] are also determined within the framework of the Voigt–Reuss–Hill approximation. The analyses show that Ti4N3 is more ductile than Ti6N5 at the same pressure and ductility increases as the pressure increases. Moreover, the anisotropies of the Ti4N3 and Ti6N5 are discussed by the Young’s modulus at different directions, and the results indicate that the anisotropy of the two Ti–N compounds is obvious. The total density of states (TDOS) and partial density of states (PDOS) show that the TDOS of TiN, Ti4N3 and Ti6N5 originate mainly from Ti “d” and N “p” states. The results show that Ti4N3 and Ti6N5 present semimetal character. Pressure makes the level range of DOS significantly extended, for TiN, Ti4N3 and Ti6N5. The TDOS decreases with the pressure rise, at Fermi level.