← Back to Search
Strigolactones, A Novel Carotenoid-derived Plant Hormone.
S. Al-Babili, H. Bouwmeester
Published 2015 · Biology, Medicine
Save to my Library
Download via 🐼 PaperPanda Download via oaDOI Download via OAB Download via LibKey Download via Google Google ScholarAnalyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived plant hormones and signaling molecules. When released into the soil, SLs indicate the presence of a host to symbiotic fungi and root parasitic plants. In planta, they regulate several developmental processes that adapt plant architecture to nutrient availability. Highly branched/tillered mutants in Arabidopsis, pea, and rice have enabled the identification of four SL biosynthetic enzymes: a cis/trans-carotene isomerase, two carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, and a cytochrome P450 (MAX1). In vitro and in vivo enzyme assays and analysis of mutants have shown that the pathway involves a combination of new reactions leading to carlactone, which is converted by a rice MAX1 homolog into an SL parent molecule with a tricyclic lactone moiety. In this review, we focus on SL biosynthesis, describe the hormonal and environmental factors that determine this process, and discuss SL transport and downstream signaling as well as the role of SLs in regulating plant development.
This paper references
Germination of Witchweed (Striga lutea Lour.): Isolation and Properties of a Potent Stimulant
C. Cook (1966)
The Effect of the Prevention of the Production of Additional Root Axes upon the Growth of Plants of Lolium perenne
A. Troughton (1978)
Structure and properties of carotenoids in relation to function
G. Britton (1995)
Branching in Pea (Action of Genes Rms3 and Rms4)
C. Beveridge (1996)
Cloning and Functional Analysis of the β-Carotene Hydroxylase of Arabidopsis thaliana*
Z. Sun (1996)
Specific oxidative cleavage of carotenoids by VP14 of maize.
S. H. Schwartz (1997)
Alectrol and orobanchol, germination stimulants for Orobanche minor, from its host red clover
T. Yokota (1998)
Characterization of the ABA-deficient tomato mutant notabilis and its relationship with maize Vp14.
A. Burbidge (1999)
Phosphate availability regulates root system architecture in Arabidopsis.
L. Williamson (2001)
Mutational analysis of branching in pea. Evidence that Rms1 and Rms5 regulate the same novel signal.
S. E. Morris (2001)
Production of clover broomrape seed germination stimulants by red clover root requires nitrate but is inhibited by phosphate and ammonium.
K. Yoneyama (2001)
The presence of 9-cis-β-carotene in cytochrome b6f complex from spinach
J. Yan (2001)
Micrografting techniques for testing long-distance signalling in Arabidopsis.
C. Turnbull (2002)
Phosphate Availability Alters Architecture and Causes Changes in Hormone Sensitivity in the Arabidopsis Root System1
J. López-Bucio (2002)
Functional Analysis of β- and ε-Ring Carotenoid Hydroxylases in Arabidopsis Article, publication date, and citation information can be found at www.plantcell.org/cgi/doi/10.1105/tpc.011403.
L. Tian (2003)
Secondary metabolite signalling in host-parasitic plant interactions.
H. Bouwmeester (2003)
Carotenoid oxygenases: cleave it or leave it.
G. Giuliano (2003)
MAX4 and RMS1 are orthologous dioxygenase-like genes that regulate shoot branching in Arabidopsis and pea.
Karim Sorefan (2003)
The Biochemical Characterization of Two Carotenoid Cleavage Enzymes from Arabidopsis Indicates That a Carotenoid-derived Compound Inhibits Lateral Branching*
S. H. Schwartz (2004)
Characterization of a second carotenoid β-hydroxylase gene from Arabidopsis and its relationship to the LUT1 locus
L. Tian (2004)
A Compound from Smoke That Promotes Seed Germination
G. Flematti (2004)
The biosynthesis and nutritional uses of carotenoids.
P. Fraser (2004)
Topsoil foraging – an architectural adaptation of plants to low phosphorus availability
J. Lynch (2004)
The Arabidopsis LUT1 locus encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 family that is required for carotenoid ε-ring hydroxylation activity
L. Tian (2004)
MAX3/CCD7 Is a Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase Required for the Synthesis of a Novel Plant Signaling Molecule
Jonathan Booker (2004)
The Strigolactone Germination Stimulants of the Plant-Parasitic Striga and Orobanche spp. Are Derived from the Carotenoid Pathway1
R. Matúšová (2005)
Plant sesquiterpenes induce hyphal branching in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
K. Akiyama (2005)
Hormonally controlled expression of the Arabidopsis MAX4 shoot branching regulatory gene.
K. Bainbridge (2005)
Phosphate starvation induces a determinate developmental program in the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana.
L. Sánchez-Calderón (2005)
Suppression of tiller bud activity in tillering dwarf mutants of rice.
S. Ishikawa (2005)
The Decreased apical dominance1/Petunia hybrida CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE8 Gene Affects Branch Production and Plays a Role in Leaf Senescence, Root Growth, and Flower Development
K. C. Snowden (2005)
MAX1 encodes a cytochrome P450 family member that acts downstream of MAX3/4 to produce a carotenoid-derived branch-inhibiting hormone.
Jonathan Booker (2005)
Related enzymes solve evolutionarily recurrent problems in the metabolism of carotenoids.
A. R. Moise (2005)
Plant development is regulated by a family of auxin receptor F box proteins.
N. Dharmasiri (2005)
Retinal biosynthesis in Eubacteria: in vitro characterization of a novel carotenoid oxygenase from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
S. Ruch (2005)
Phenotypic Plasticity of Rice Seedlings: Case of Phosphorus Deficiency
D. Luquet (2005)
The Branching Gene RAMOSUS1 Mediates Interactions among Two Novel Signals and Auxin in Pea
E. Foo (2005)
Carotenoid accumulation and function in seeds and non-green tissues.
C. Howitt (2006)
Transmembrane traffic in the cytochrome b6f complex.
W. Cramer (2006)
Analysis of the DECREASED APICAL DOMINANCE Genes of Petunia in the Control of Axillary Branching1[C][OA]
J. Simons (2006)
Phosphorus deficiency in red clover promotes exudation of orobanchol, the signal for mycorrhizal symbionts and germination stimulant for root parasites
K. Yoneyama (2006)
Branching Genes Are Conserved across Species. Genes Controlling a Novel Signal in Pea Are Coregulated by Other Long-Distance Signals1
X. Johnson (2006)
Retinal is formed from apo-carotenoids in Nostoc sp. PCC7120: in vitro characterization of an apo-carotenoid oxygenase.
Daniel Scherzinger (2006)
Plant carotenoid cleavage oxygenases and their apocarotenoid products.
Michele E. Auldridge (2006)
The rice HIGH-TILLERING DWARF1 encoding an ortholog of Arabidopsis MAX3 is required for negative regulation of the outgrowth of axillary buds.
Junhuang Zou (2006)
Elucidation of the β‐carotene hydroxylation pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana
A. Fiore (2006)
Nitrogen deficiency as well as phosphorus deficiency in sorghum promotes the production and exudation of 5-deoxystrigol, the host recognition signal for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and root parasites
K. Yoneyama (2007)
DWARF10, an RMS1/MAX4/DAD1 ortholog, controls lateral bud outgrowth in rice.
Tomotsugu Arite (2007)
Complex reactions catalyzed by cytochrome P450 enzymes.
E. Isin (2007)
MAX2 participates in an SCF complex which acts locally at the node to suppress shoot branching.
P. Stirnberg (2007)
Arabidopsis BRANCHED1 Acts as an Integrator of Branching Signals within Axillary Buds[W]
J. A. Aguilar-Martínez (2007)
Novel phytohormones involved in long-range signaling.
Céline F. Mouchel (2007)
Strigolactone inhibition of shoot branching
V. Gómez-Roldán (2008)
The Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase 1 Enzyme Has Broad Substrate Specificity, Cleaving Multiple Carotenoids at Two Different Bond Positions*
Jonathan T Vogel (2008)
Inhibition of shoot branching by new terpenoid plant hormones
Mikihisa Umehara (2008)
Tomato strigolactones are derived from carotenoids and their biosynthesis is promoted by phosphate starvation.
J. A. López-Ráez (2008)
Carotenoid oxygenases involved in plant branching catalyse a highly specific conserved apocarotenoid cleavage reaction.
A. Alder (2008)
D'orenone blocks polarized tip growth of root hairs by interfering with the PIN2-mediated auxin transport network in the root apex.
M. Schlicht (2008)
High Temperature-Induced Abscisic Acid Biosynthesis and Its Role in the Inhibition of Gibberellin Action in Arabidopsis Seeds12[C][W][OA]
Shigeo Toh (2008)
Phosphate Availability Alters Lateral Root Development in Arabidopsis by Modulating Auxin Sensitivity via a Mechanism Involving the TIR1 Auxin Receptor[C][W][OA]
Claudia-Anahí Pérez-Torres (2008)
Petunia hybrida CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE7 Is Involved in the Production of Negative and Positive Branching Signals in Petunia1[W][OA]
R. S. Drummond (2009)
Interactions between Auxin and Strigolactone in Shoot Branching Control1[C][OA]
A. Hayward (2009)
DWARF27, an Iron-Containing Protein Required for the Biosynthesis of Strigolactones, Regulates Rice Tiller Bud Outgrowth[W][OA]
H. Lin (2009)
d14, a strigolactone-insensitive mutant of rice, shows an accelerated outgrowth of tillers.
Tomotsugu Arite (2009)
Feedback-Regulation of Strigolactone Biosynthetic Genes and Strigolactone-Regulated Genes in Arabidopsis
Kiyoshi Mashiguchi (2009)
Observations on the current status of Orobanche and Striga problems worldwide.
C. Parker (2009)
Carotenoid Crystal Formation in Arabidopsis and Carrot Roots Caused by Increased Phytoene Synthase Protein Levels
D. Maass (2009)
SlCCD7 controls strigolactone biosynthesis, shoot branching and mycorrhiza-induced apocarotenoid formation in tomato.
Jonathan T Vogel (2010)
Contribution of Strigolactones to the Inhibition of Tiller Bud Outgrowth under Phosphate Deficiency in Rice
Mikihisa Umehara (2010)
Abscisic acid: emergence of a core signaling network.
S. Cutler (2010)
Strigolactone regulation of shoot branching in chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum)
Jianli Liang (2010)
Physiological Effects of the Synthetic Strigolactone Analog GR24 on Root System Architecture in Arabidopsis: Another Belowground Role for Strigolactones?1[C][W][OA]
C. Ruyter-Spira (2010)
Strigolactones affect lateral root formation and root-hair elongation in Arabidopsis
Y. Kapulnik (2010)
Does abscisic acid affect strigolactone biosynthesis?
J. A. López-Ráez (2010)
Phosphate systemically inhibits development of arbuscular mycorrhiza in Petunia hybrida and represses genes involved in mycorrhizal functioning.
Florence Breuillin (2010)
Modified CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE8 expression correlates with altered branching in kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis).
S. Ledger (2010)
Strigolactones enhance competition between shoot branches by dampening auxin transport
S. Crawford (2010)
New genes in the strigolactone-related shoot branching pathway.
C. Beveridge (2010)
A small-molecule screen identifies new functions for the plant hormone strigolactone.
Y. Tsuchiya (2010)
Strigolactones Are Transported through the Xylem and Play a Key Role in Shoot Architectural Response to Phosphate Deficiency in Nonarbuscular Mycorrhizal Host Arabidopsis1[C][W][OA]
W. Kohlen (2010)
Quantification of the relationship between strigolactones and Striga hermonthica infection in rice under varying levels of nitrogen and phosphorus
Muhammad Jamil (2011)
Genetic variation in strigolactone production and tillering in rice and its effect on Striga hermonthica infection
M. Jamil (2011)
Root developmental adaptation to phosphate starvation: better safe than sorry.
B. Péret (2011)
Strigolactone Biosynthesis in Medicago truncatula and Rice Requires the Symbiotic GRAS-Type Transcription Factors NSP1 and NSP2[W][OA]
Wei Liu (2011)
Antagonistic Action of Strigolactone and Cytokinin in Bud Outgrowth Control1[W]
E. Dun (2011)
Carotenoids and their cleavage products: biosynthesis and functions.
M. Walter (2011)
F-box protein MAX2 has dual roles in karrikin and strigolactone signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana
D. C. Nelson (2011)
How do nitrogen and phosphorus deficiencies affect strigolactone production and exudation?
K. Yoneyama (2011)
Cleavage oxygenases for the biosynthesis of trisporoids and other apocarotenoids in Phycomyces
H. R. Medina (2011)
Strigolactone Positively Controls Crown Root Elongation in Rice
Tomotsugu Arite (2011)
Ent-2'-epi-Orobanchol and its acetate, as germination stimulants for Striga gesnerioides seeds isolated from cowpea and red clover.
K. Ueno (2011)
Strigolactones regulate protonema branching and act as a quorum sensing-like signal in the moss Physcomitrella patens
Hélène Proust (2011)
Roles of arbuscular mycorrhizas in plant nutrition and growth: new paradigms from cellular to ecosystem scales.
S. Smith (2011)
Strigolactone signaling is required for auxin-dependent stimulation of secondary growth in plants
J. Agustí (2011)
The Arabidopsis Ortholog of Rice DWARF27 Acts Upstream of MAX1 in the Control of Plant Development by Strigolactones1[C][W][OA]
M. Waters (2012)
The Expression of Petunia Strigolactone Pathway Genes is Altered as Part of the Endogenous Developmental Program
R. S. Drummond (2012)
Diverse Roles of Strigolactone Signaling in Maize Architecture and the Uncoupling of a Branching-Specific Subnetwork1[C][W][OA]
Jiahn Chou Guan (2012)
PrCYP707A1, an ABA catabolic gene, is a key component of Phelipanche ramosa seed germination in response to the strigolactone analogue GR24
Marc-Marie Lechat (2012)
Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis: A Colorful Pathway
M. Á. Ruiz-Sola (2012)
Strigolactones: Destruction-Dependent Perception?
S. Smith (2012)
Carotenoid oxidation products are stress signals that mediate gene responses to singlet oxygen in plants
F. Ramel (2012)
Strigolactones Are Involved in Root Response to Low Phosphate Conditions in Arabidopsis[W][OA]
E. Mayzlish-Gati (2012)
The tomato CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE8 (SlCCD8) regulates rhizosphere signaling, plant architecture and affects reproductive development through strigolactone biosynthesis.
W. Kohlen (2012)
Epistasis in tomato color mutations involves regulation of phytoene synthase 1 expression by cis-carotenoids
David E. Kachanovsky (2012)
A petunia ABC protein controls strigolactone-dependent symbiotic signalling and branching
T. Kretzschmar (2012)
DAD2 Is an α/β Hydrolase Likely to Be Involved in the Perception of the Plant Branching Hormone, Strigolactone
C. Hamiaux (2012)
The Path from β-Carotene to Carlactone, a Strigolactone-Like Plant Hormone
A. Alder (2012)
Thermoinhibition uncovers a role for strigolactones in Arabidopsis seed germination.
Shigeo Toh (2012)
DWARF 53 acts as a repressor of strigolactone signalling in rice
L. Jiang (2013)
Strigolactone/MAX2-induced degradation of brassinosteroid transcriptional effector BES1 regulates shoot branching.
Y. Wang (2013)
A Role for MORE AXILLARY GROWTH1 (MAX1) in Evolutionary Diversity in Strigolactone Signaling Upstream of MAX21[C][W][OA]
Richard J. Challis (2013)
Crystal structures of two phytohormone signal-transducing α/β hydrolases: karrikin-signaling KAI2 and strigolactone-signaling DWARF14
L. Zhao (2013)
Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization negatively affects strigolactone production and exudation in sorghum
K. Yoneyama (2013)
The role of the potato (Solanum tuberosum) CCD8 gene in stolon and tuber development.
Stefania A Pasare (2013)
Novel insights into strigolactone distribution and signalling.
Alexandre de Saint Germain (2013)
Strigolactones fine-tune the root system
A. Rasmussen (2013)
The biology of strigolactones.
C. Ruyter-Spira (2013)
Molecular mechanism of strigolactone perception by DWARF14.
H. Nakamura (2013)
Confirming Stereochemical Structures of Strigolactones Produced by Rice and Tobacco
Xiaonan Xie (2013)
Chemistry of Strigolactones: Why and How do Plants Produce so Many Strigolactones?
K. Yoneyama (2013)
Strigolactone Can Promote or Inhibit Shoot Branching by Triggering Rapid Depletion of the Auxin Efflux Protein PIN1 from the Plasma Membrane
Naoki Shinohara (2013)
Regulation of Drought Tolerance by the F-Box Protein MAX2 in Arabidopsis1[C][W][OPEN]
Qingyun Bu (2013)
The origins and mechanisms of karrikin signalling.
M. Waters (2013)
Combined phosphate and nitrogen limitation generates a nutrient stress transcriptome favorable for arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in Medicago truncatula.
L. Bonneau (2013)
The bioconversion of 5-deoxystrigol to sorgomol by the sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.
Noriko Motonami (2013)
Structures of D14 and D14L in the strigolactone and karrikin signaling pathways
M. Kagiyama (2013)
Strigolactones Stimulate Internode Elongation Independently of Gibberellins1[C][W]
Alexandre de Saint Germain (2013)
Positive regulatory role of strigolactone in plant responses to drought and salt stress
C. Ha (2013)
Carlactone-independent seedling morphogenesis in Arabidopsis.
A. Scaffidi (2013)
Responses of root architecture development to low phosphorus availability: a review
Y. Niu (2013)
Cell and developmental biology of arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis.
C. Gutjahr (2013)
Structure and activity of strigolactones: new plant hormones with a rich future.
B. Zwanenburg (2013)
D14-SCFD3-dependent degradation of D53 regulates strigolactone signaling
F. Zhou (2013)
Diverse roles of strigolactones in plant development.
P. Brewer (2013)
Signaling events during initiation of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis.
Alexa Schmitz (2014)
The karrikin response system of Arabidopsis.
M. Waters (2014)
Strigolactone Hormones and Their Stereoisomers Signal through Two Related Receptor Proteins to Induce Different Physiological Responses in Arabidopsis1[W]
A. Scaffidi (2014)
Strigolactone biosynthesis and perception.
Yoshiya Seto (2014)
Strigolactone signaling regulates rice leaf senescence in response to a phosphate deficiency
Y. Yamada (2014)
Carlactone is an endogenous biosynthetic precursor for strigolactones
Yoshiya Seto (2014)
Rice cytochrome P450 MAX1 homologs catalyze distinct steps in strigolactone biosynthesis.
Yanxia Zhang (2014)
Periodic root branching in Arabidopsis requires synthesis of an uncharacterized carotenoid derivative
J. V. Van Norman (2014)
Strigolactones Inhibit Caulonema Elongation and Cell Division in the Moss Physcomitrella patens
B. Hoffmann (2014)
Influence of Fertilizer Microdosing on Strigolactone Production and Striga hermonthica Parasitism in Pearl Millet
M. Jamil (2014)
On the substrate‐ and stereospecificity of the plant carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 7
M. Bruno (2014)
Novel carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase catalyzes the first dedicated step in saffron crocin biosynthesis
Sarah Frusciante (2014)
The tomato mutation nxd1 reveals a gene necessary for neoxanthin biosynthesis and demonstrates that violaxanthin is a sufficient precursor for abscisic acid biosynthesis.
Hadar Neuman (2014)
Strigolactones are involved in phosphate- and nitrate-deficiency-induced root development and auxin transport in rice
Huwei Sun (2014)
Receptors, repressors, PINs: a playground for strigolactone signaling.
H. Koltai (2014)
Strigolactones and the control of plant development: lessons from shoot branching.
Tanya Waldie (2014)
Mechanistic aspects of carotenoid biosynthesis.
A. R. Moise (2014)
An Uncharacterized Apocarotenoid-Derived Signal Generated in ζ-Carotene Desaturase Mutants Regulates Leaf Development and the Expression of Chloroplast and Nuclear Genes in Arabidopsis[C][W]
Aida-Odette Avendaño-Vázquez (2014)
Signalling and responses to strigolactones and karrikins.
S. Smith (2014)
The role of strigolactones in photomorphogenesis of pea is limited to adventitious rooting.
S. Urquhart (2015)
This paper is referenced by
Role of Carotenoids in Photosynthesis
Saima Zulfiqar (2021)
A Tobacco Syringe Agroinfiltration-Based Method for a Phytohormone Transporter Activity Assay Using Endogenous Substrates
Jiangzhe Zhao (2021)
Strigolactones: Phytohormones with Promising Biomedical Applications
C. Prandi (2021)
Strigolactones: A Novel Carotenoid-Derived Phytohormone – Biosynthesis, Transporters, Signalling, and Mechanisms in Abiotic Stress
A. Hossain (2021)
Manipulation of carotenoid metabolism stimulates biomass and stress tolerance in tomato
José G. Vallarino (2021)
Overexpression of the rice ORANGE gene OsOR negatively regulates carotenoid accumulation, leads to higher tiller numbers and decreases stress tolerance in Nipponbare rice.
Yang Yu (2021)
Exogenous application of strigolactone alleviates drought stress in maize seedlings by regulating the physiological and antioxidants defense mechanisms
A. Sattar (2021)
Establishment of Strigolactone-Producing Bacterium-Yeast Consortium
Sheng Wu (2021)
Phytohormone biosynthesis and signaling pathways of mosses.
Ambre Guillory (2021)
Strigolactone GR24 improves cadmium tolerance by regulating cadmium uptake, nitric oxide signaling and antioxidant metabolism in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
Chengwei Qiu (2021)
Isolation and Identification of Naturally Occurring Strigolactones.
K. Ueno (2021)
Molecular components affecting ocular carotenoid and retinoid homeostasis
J. von Lintig (2021)
Diversity of Plastid Types and Their Interconversions
Heebak Choi (2021)
Strigolactones regulate arsenate uptake, vacuolar-sequestration and antioxidant defense responses to resist arsenic toxicity in rice roots.
M. G. Mostofa (2021)
Strigo-D2 – a bio-sensor for monitoring the spatio-temporal pattern of strigolactone signaling in intact plants
Changzheng Song (2021)
Genome-wide identification, characterization and expression profiles of the CCD gene family in Gossypium species
Shulin Zhang (2021)
Role of phytohormones as master regulators during the abiotic stress
Sareeta Nahakpam (2021)
Counteractive Effects of Sugar and Strigolactone on Leaf Senescence of Rice in Darkness
I. Takahashi (2021)
A unique sulfotransferase-involving strigolactone biosynthetic route in Sorghum
Sheng Wu (2021)
Conservation and diversity in transcriptional responses among host plants forming distinct arbuscular mycorrhizal morphotypes
Takaya Tominaga (2021)
Synthesis and Evaluation of New Halogenated GR24 Analogs as Germination Promotors for Orobanche cumana
Yuchao Chen (2021)
Studies on strigolactone BC-ring formation: Chemical conversion of an 18-hydroxycarlactonoate derivative into racemic 4-deoxyorobanchol/5-deoxystrigol via the acid-mediated cascade cyclization
Nanami Shiotani (2021)
Current Progress in Striga Management.
Muhammad Jamil (2021)
Multi-strategy engineering greatly enhances provitamin A carotenoid accumulation and stability in Arabidopsis seeds
Tianhu Sun (2021)
Using biotechnological approaches to develop crop resistance to root parasitic weeds.
R. Aly (2021)
An Ancestral Function of Strigolactones as Symbiotic Rhizosphere Signals
Kyoichi Kodama (2021)
Targeted mutagenesis of two homologous ATP-binding cassette subfamily G (ABCG) genes in tomato confers resistance to parasitic weed Phelipanche aegyptiaca.
V. K. Bari (2021)
Plant growth promoting soil microbiomes and their potential implications for agricultural and environmental sustainability
T. Kaur (2021)
Shoot has important roles in strigolactone production of rice roots under sulfur deficiency
Masato Shindo (2021)
Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of the Brassinazole-resistant (BZR) Gene Family and Its Expression in the Various Developmental Stage and Stress Conditions in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Mahipal Singh Kesawat (2021)
The Hormonal Signals that Regulate Plant Vascular Differentiation
R. Aloni (2021)
Are strigolactones a key in plant–parasitic nematodes interactions? An intriguing question
Nicolás Marro (2021)See more