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Strigolactones, A Novel Carotenoid-derived Plant Hormone.

S. Al-Babili, H. Bouwmeester
Published 2015 · Biology, Medicine

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Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived plant hormones and signaling molecules. When released into the soil, SLs indicate the presence of a host to symbiotic fungi and root parasitic plants. In planta, they regulate several developmental processes that adapt plant architecture to nutrient availability. Highly branched/tillered mutants in Arabidopsis, pea, and rice have enabled the identification of four SL biosynthetic enzymes: a cis/trans-carotene isomerase, two carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, and a cytochrome P450 (MAX1). In vitro and in vivo enzyme assays and analysis of mutants have shown that the pathway involves a combination of new reactions leading to carlactone, which is converted by a rice MAX1 homolog into an SL parent molecule with a tricyclic lactone moiety. In this review, we focus on SL biosynthesis, describe the hormonal and environmental factors that determine this process, and discuss SL transport and downstream signaling as well as the role of SLs in regulating plant development.
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C. Prandi (2021)
10.1007/978-3-030-61153-8_13
Strigolactones: A Novel Carotenoid-Derived Phytohormone – Biosynthesis, Transporters, Signalling, and Mechanisms in Abiotic Stress
A. Hossain (2021)
10.1101/2021.05.05.442770
Manipulation of carotenoid metabolism stimulates biomass and stress tolerance in tomato
José G. Vallarino (2021)
10.1016/J.PLANTSCI.2021.110962
Overexpression of the rice ORANGE gene OsOR negatively regulates carotenoid accumulation, leads to higher tiller numbers and decreases stress tolerance in Nipponbare rice.
Yang Yu (2021)
10.1007/S42976-021-00171-Z
Exogenous application of strigolactone alleviates drought stress in maize seedlings by regulating the physiological and antioxidants defense mechanisms
A. Sattar (2021)
10.1101/2021.06.29.450423
Establishment of Strigolactone-Producing Bacterium-Yeast Consortium
Sheng Wu (2021)
10.1007/s11103-021-01172-6
Phytohormone biosynthesis and signaling pathways of mosses.
Ambre Guillory (2021)
10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116486
Strigolactone GR24 improves cadmium tolerance by regulating cadmium uptake, nitric oxide signaling and antioxidant metabolism in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).
Chengwei Qiu (2021)
10.1007/978-1-0716-1429-7_2
Isolation and Identification of Naturally Occurring Strigolactones.
K. Ueno (2021)
10.1016/j.preteyeres.2020.100864
Molecular components affecting ocular carotenoid and retinoid homeostasis
J. von Lintig (2021)
10.3389/fpls.2021.692024
Diversity of Plastid Types and Their Interconversions
Heebak Choi (2021)
10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.125589
Strigolactones regulate arsenate uptake, vacuolar-sequestration and antioxidant defense responses to resist arsenic toxicity in rice roots.
M. G. Mostofa (2021)
10.1101/2021.08.03.454859
Strigo-D2 – a bio-sensor for monitoring the spatio-temporal pattern of strigolactone signaling in intact plants
Changzheng Song (2021)
10.1007/s13205-021-02805-9
Genome-wide identification, characterization and expression profiles of the CCD gene family in Gossypium species
Shulin Zhang (2021)
10.1016/B978-0-12-822849-4.00002-4
Role of phytohormones as master regulators during the abiotic stress
Sareeta Nahakpam (2021)
10.3390/AGRONOMY11061044
Counteractive Effects of Sugar and Strigolactone on Leaf Senescence of Rice in Darkness
I. Takahashi (2021)
10.1101/2021.09.08.459372
A unique sulfotransferase-involving strigolactone biosynthetic route in Sorghum
Sheng Wu (2021)
10.1101/2021.06.07.447186
Conservation and diversity in transcriptional responses among host plants forming distinct arbuscular mycorrhizal morphotypes
Takaya Tominaga (2021)
10.3389/fpls.2021.725949
Synthesis and Evaluation of New Halogenated GR24 Analogs as Germination Promotors for Orobanche cumana
Yuchao Chen (2021)
10.1016/J.TETLET.2021.152922
Studies on strigolactone BC-ring formation: Chemical conversion of an 18-hydroxycarlactonoate derivative into racemic 4-deoxyorobanchol/5-deoxystrigol via the acid-mediated cascade cyclization
Nanami Shiotani (2021)
10.1093/plphys/kiab040
Current Progress in Striga Management.
Muhammad Jamil (2021)
10.1007/S42994-021-00046-1
Multi-strategy engineering greatly enhances provitamin A carotenoid accumulation and stability in Arabidopsis seeds
Tianhu Sun (2021)
10.1007/s00425-021-03616-1
Using biotechnological approaches to develop crop resistance to root parasitic weeds.
R. Aly (2021)
10.1101/2021.08.20.457034
An Ancestral Function of Strigolactones as Symbiotic Rhizosphere Signals
Kyoichi Kodama (2021)
10.1007/s10265-021-01275-7
Targeted mutagenesis of two homologous ATP-binding cassette subfamily G (ABCG) genes in tomato confers resistance to parasitic weed Phelipanche aegyptiaca.
V. K. Bari (2021)
10.1007/S11756-021-00806-W
Plant growth promoting soil microbiomes and their potential implications for agricultural and environmental sustainability
T. Kaur (2021)
10.1080/15592324.2021.1880738
Shoot has important roles in strigolactone production of rice roots under sulfur deficiency
Masato Shindo (2021)
10.3390/ijms22168743
Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of the Brassinazole-resistant (BZR) Gene Family and Its Expression in the Various Developmental Stage and Stress Conditions in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Mahipal Singh Kesawat (2021)
10.1007/978-3-030-53202-4_3
The Hormonal Signals that Regulate Plant Vascular Differentiation
R. Aloni (2021)
10.1007/S11104-021-04862-8
Are strigolactones a key in plant–parasitic nematodes interactions? An intriguing question
Nicolás Marro (2021)
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