Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Policy Statement Of The International Organization For Medical Physics.

W. Hendee
Published 2013 · Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Over the past few years papers have appeared in the scientific literature that predict thousands of cancers and cancer deaths each year in populations of patients receiving medical imaging procedures (primarily computed tomography) employing ionizing radiation. The predictions in these papers are computed by estimating very small and hypothetical risks at low radiation doses and multiplying these speculative estimates by large numbers of patients experiencing medical imaging. The public media use these papers to develop print and electronic news releases that raise anxiety in parents, families and patients, at times causing them to delay or defer needed imaging procedures. Decisions to delay or defer examinations constitute real risks to patients, as contrasted with the hypothetical risks presented in the papers. Professional organizations, including the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the Health Physics Society, have developed policy positions in an effort to illuminate the controversy over the risks of low-level radiation exposures (see URLs in the supporting documents and additional readings). Scientific advisory groups such as the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation have also addressed the controversy (see URLs in the supporting documents and additional readings). Now the International Organization for Medical Physics, representing 80 national and six regional medical physics organizations and 18,000 medical physicists worldwide, has developed its own policy statement which is reproduced below. One can only hope that the policy statements issued by these knowledgeable organizations will have some deterrent influence on the continued propagation of unsupportable cancer risk estimates related to medical imaging procedures conducted with minimum doses of radiation consistent with high quality studies.
This paper references

This paper is referenced by
CT in Crohn’s Disease Is Beneficial for Patient Care and Should Not Be Feared
L. Waszczuk (2019)
[Possibilities of dose reduction during CT imaging by application of iterative image reconstruction].
G. Bajzik (2019)
Understanding, justifying, and optimizing radiation exposure for CT imaging in nephrourology
A. Ferrero (2019)
The Role of the Medical Physicist in Managing Radiation Dose and Communicating Risk in CT.
Cynthia H. McCollough (2016)
Exposure to low dose computed tomography for lung cancer screening and risk of cancer: secondary analysis of trial data and risk-benefit analysis
C. Rampinelli (2017)
Demonstration of the Effect of Generic Anatomical Divisions versus Clinical Protocols on Computed Tomography Dose Estimates and Risk Burden
Rachael E Moorin (2014)
Radiographic screening of infants and young children with genetic predisposition for rare malignancies: DICER1 mutations and pleuropulmonary blastoma.
Divya G Sabapathy (2015)
Dose coefficients for ICRP reference pediatric phantoms exposed to idealised external gamma fields.
Lienard Chang (2017)
Translocation Frequency in Patients with Repeated CT Exposure: Comparison with CT-Naive Patients.
Jin Kyung Lee (2019)
Guidance for computed tomography (CT) imaging of the lungs for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in research studies.
M. van Straten (2019)
Ionizing radiation from computed tomography versus anesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging in infants and children: patient safety considerations
Michael J. Callahan (2017)
The Impact of Iterative Reconstruction on Computed Tomography Radiation Dosimetry: Evaluation in a Routine Clinical Setting
R. Moorin (2015)
Radiation Exposure during Fluoroscopic Guided Direct Anterior Approach for Total Hip Arthroplasty.
Benjamin A. McArthur (2015)
A dóziscsökkentés lehetőségei CT-képalkotás során az iteratív képrekonstrukció alkalmazásával
G. Bajzik (2019)
Who Gets to Decide?
Rebecca Smith‐Bindman (2016)
The good rays: let them shine!
P. F. Høilund-Carlsen (2018)
Advocating for use of the ALARA principle in the context of medical imaging fails to recognize that the risk is hypothetical and so serves to reinforce patients' fears of radiation.
J. Siegel (2017)
Answers to Common Questions About the Use and Safety of CT Scans.
Cynthia H. McCollough (2015)
Dose Reduction and Dose Management in Computed Tomography - State of the Art.
D. Zinsser (2018)
DNA Repair after Exposure to Ionizing Radiation Is Not Error-Free.
J. Duncan (2016)
Cumulative radiation dose estimates from medical imaging in paediatric patients with non-oncologic chronic illnesses. A systematic review.
M. Brambilla (2014)
Radiation in Spine Deformity: State-of-the-Art Reviews.
A. N. Larson (2019)
Radiation dosimetry of 18F-FDG PET/CT: incorporating exam-specific parameters in dose estimates
B. Quinn (2016)
Informed Consent for Radiation Risk from CT Is Unjustified Based on the Current Scientific Evidence.
H. Harvey (2015)
Introducing Radiology Select: Radiation Dose and Dose Reduction
C. McCollough (2014)
Image Gently: toward optimizing the practice of pediatric CT through resources and dialogue
D. Frush (2015)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar