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Phorbol Ester-stimulated Exocytosis In Lacrimal Gland: PKC Might Not Be The Sole Effector.
Published 1993 · Biology, Medicine
In this work we show that, although both phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and 4 beta-phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PdBu) stimulate the protein discharge in the rat lacrimal gland with the same half-maximal effective concentration (EC50 approximately 2 x 10(-7) M), PdBu is more efficient in eliciting this response compared with PMA. We also show that sphingosine and chelerythrine have no inhibitory effect on the protein discharge stimulated by PMA or PdBu at concentrations up to 2 x 10(-4) and 3 x 10(-5) M, respectively. With staurosporine, a complete inhibition could not be obtained even at 1 microM. However, only with trifluoperazine (TFP) we obtained a complete inhibition of the PMA-induced protein discharge at 10(-4) M TFP. On the other hand, we show that three diacylglycerol-permeant analogues (1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol, 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol, and 1,2-didecanoyl-sn-glycerol) do not stimulate protein discharge. In a previous report from our laboratory (30), we showed that the rat lacrimal gland expresses the alpha-isoform of protein kinase C (PKC). In this study, using specific antibodies directed against the newly identified isoforms of PKC, we show on a diethylaminoethyl-cellulose fraction that, besides PKC-alpha, the rat lacrimal gland expresses PKC-epsilon, as previously suggested by Dartt et al. (11), and PKC-delta. Our results question the direct implication of PKC activity as a sole effector of the phorbol ester-stimulated protein secretion in the rat lacrimal gland.