Lasp-1 Is A Regulated Phosphoprotein Within The CAMP Signaling Pathway In The Gastric Parietal Cell
Activation of the cAMP signaling pathway is correlated with increased secretory-related events in a wide variety of cell types including the gastric parietal cell. Within this pathway, as well as in other intracellular signaling pathways, protein phosphorylation serves as a major downstream regulatory mechanism. However, although agonist and cAMP-dependent activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) has been demonstrated, little is currently known about the downstream in vivo phosphoprotein substrates of this enzyme. Here we report the isolation, microsequencing, and cloning of a LIM and SH3 domain-containing, cAMP-responsive, 40-kDa phosphoprotein (pp40) from rabbit gastric parietal cells. The deduced amino acid sequence for pp40 is 93.5%, homologous with the putative protein product of the human gene lasp-1, which was recently identified based on its overexpression in some breast carcinomas. In addition to LIM and SH3 domains, the rabbit homolog contains two highly conserved PKA consensus sequences as well as two conserved SH2 binding motifs and several other putative protein kinase phosphorylation sites, including two for tyrosine kinase(s). Combined Northern and Western blot analyses indicate that pp40/lasp-1 is widely expressed (through a single 3.3-kb message) not only in epithelial tissues but also in muscle and brain. Furthermore, stimulation of isolated parietal cells, distal colonic crypts, and pancreatic cells with the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin leads to the appearance of a higher molecular weight form of pp40/lasp-1, a finding which is consistent with an increase in protein phosphorylation. Thus pp40/lasp-1 appears to be regulated within the cAMP signaling pathway in a wide range of epithelial cell types. Because the cAMP-dependent increase in pp40 phosphorylation is correlated with secretory responses in the parietal cell and because pp40 appears to be widely distributed among various secretory tissues, this newly defined signaling protein may play an important role in modulating ionic transport or other secretory-related activities in many different cell types.