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Dendrimer-modified Magnetic Nanoparticles Enhance Efficiency Of Gene Delivery System.
Bifeng Pan, D. Cui, Yuan Sheng, C. Ozkan, F. Gao, R. He, Q. Li, P. Xu, Tuo Huang
Published 2007 · Biology, Medicine
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Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) with a diameter of 8 nm were modified with different generations of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers and mixed with antisense survivin oligodeoxynucleotide (asODN). The MNP then formed asODN-dendrimer-MNP composites, which we incubated with human tumor cell lines such as human breast cancer MCF-7, MDA-MB-435, and liver cancer HepG2 and then analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, Western blotting, laser confocal microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Results showed that the asODN-dendrimer-MNP composites were successfully synthesized, can enter into tumor cells within 15 min, caused marked down-regulation of the survivin gene and protein, and inhibited cell growth in dose- and time-dependent means. No.5 generation of asODN-dendrimer-MNP composites exhibits the highest efficiency for cellular transfection and inhibition. These results show that PAMAM dendrimer-modified MNPs may be a good gene delivery system and have potential applications in cancer therapy and molecular imaging diagnosis.
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