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Size And Asymmetry Of The Planum Temporale

H. Utsunomiya, M. Nawata, T. Ogasawara, M. Okazaki, M. Miyoshi

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The planum temporale of the supratemporal plane is important for language function and shows left—right asymmetry in most brains. To estimate the size and allow side comparison of the planum temporale, we developed a new technique for 3-D MR analysis of the supratemporal plane using a personal computer and computer-aided graphics. The temporal lobes of 5 human cadavers were imaged by MR in the sagittal plane, at a slice thickness of 2 mm. The images of the supratemporal plane were entered into a personal computer using the original software to determine the positions of anatomic landmarks and the size of the planum temporale. The data were then transferred to a supercomputer to reconstruct the 3-D surface image of the supratemporal plane. Computer images of the supratemporal plane agreed with macroscopic observations. The positions of anatomic landmarks and the size of the planum temporale also agreed with macroscopic measurements. Thus, the present technique provides valuable anatomic data on the supratemporal plane which should be useful for further clarification of the anatomic basis of language function.