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Recombinant Human Interleukin-11 Stimulates Multilineage Hematopoietic Recovery In Mice After A Myelosuppressive Regimen Of Sublethal Irradiation And Carboplatin

JP Leonard, CM Quinto, MK Kozitza, TY Neben, SJ Goldman

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Abstract Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a novel multifunctional hematopoietic cytokine capable of stimulating cells of the myeloid, lymphoid, erythroid, and megakaryocytic lineages in vitro. We have tested the pleiotropic properties of this cytokine on the hematopoietic recovery of mice after a combined regimen of sublethal irradiation and carboplatin administration. This regimen results in severe myelosuppression, characterized by a prolonged period of thrombocytopenia and severe anemia. Administration of recombinant human IL-11 (rhIL-11; 250 micrograms/kg/d) had multilineage effects on bone marrow and spleen hematopoietic activity, increasing the number of megakaryocyte, erythroid, granulocyte, and macrophage progenitors compared with the vehicle-treated controls. This was reflected in the peripheral circulation by a reduction of both the platelet and hematocrit nadirs and a significantly reduced period of thrombocytopenia and anemia in the rhIL-11-treated mice. The results from this study support the broad spectrum of biologic activities that have been attributed to rhIL-11 in vitro and suggest that this cytokine may be an effective agent in the treatment of myelosuppression associated with cancer chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.