Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Fear Of Foreigners: HIV-related Restrictions On Entry, Stay, And Residence

J. Amon, K. Todrys
Published 2008 · Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Among the earliest and the most enduring responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been the imposition by governments of entry, stay, and residence restrictions for non-nationals living with HIV and AIDS. Sixty-six of the 186 countries in the world for which data are available currently have some form of restriction in place. Although international human rights law allows for discrimination in the face of public health considerations, such discrimination must be the least intrusive measure required to effectively address the public health concern. HIV-related travel restrictions, by contrast, not only do not protect public health, but result in deleterious effects both at the societal level – negatively impacting HIV prevention and treatment efforts – and at the individual level, affecting, in particular, labor migrants, refugee candidates, students, and short-term travelers. Governments should repeal these laws and policies, and instead devote legislative attention and national resources to comprehensive HIV prevention, care, and treatment programmes serving citizens and non-citizens alike.
This paper references
Now, no Haitians can donate blood
B Lambert (1990)
10.1016/B978-0-88415-752-6.50272-1
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
Lynne Milgram (1999)
USAID: Guidance on the definition and use of the child survival and health programs fund and the global HIV/AIDS initiative account FY 2004 update
Human Rights Committee: General comment no. 18: non-discrimination
(1989)
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA); interpretation of "federal means-tested public benefit"--HHS. Notice with comment period.
J. Levin-Epstein (1997)
XVII International AIDS Conference, Mexico 3– 8 August 2008: Travel restrictions on people living with HIV: going against the grain of human rights and public health
S Timberlake (2008)
10.1017/CBO9780511498701.012
The Globalization of Ethics: Universal Declaration of Human Rights
W. Sullivan (2007)
United States global leadership against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria reauthorization act
Tom Lantos (2008)
Klein A: HIV/AIDS and immigration: final report
(2001)
World Health Organization: Statement on screening of international travellers for infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(1988)
Health omnibus programs extension of 1988
(1988)
Quick reference: travel and residence regulations for people with HIV and AIDS -2008/2009 quick reference guide
E VDeutscheAids-Hilfe (2008)
High hurdles for health In China's Great Leap: The Beijing Games and Olympian Human Rights Challenges Edited by: Worden M
J Amon (2008)
Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991 [5 November 1990].
(1990)
10.1089/BSP.2006.4.204
Comments from the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC on proposed revisions to federal quarantine rules.
J. Nuzzo (2006)
State of Health of Migrants - 2007: Mandatory Testing
S. Chung (2007)
Health at stake: report on access to health for Philippines overseas workers
Caram Achieve (2005)
Letter to the editor: removing the HIV barrier. Wash Post 2008. 65. HIV patients not welcome, says PM Kyrgyzstan tightens regulations on AIDS tests for foreigners
J Gerberding (2007)
Coming out of Denial: An Analysis of AIDS Law and Policy in China (1987-2006)
J. Balzano (2006)
10.2307/2655075
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
J. Watts (1997)
Letter to the editor: removing the HIV barrier
J Gerberding (2008)
10.4135/9781452240121.n349
Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 1990
B. Graves (1994)
Law in the Time of Cholera: Disease, State Power, and Quarantines Past and Future
Felice J Batlan (2007)
Preventing the further spread of HIV/AIDS: the essential role of human rights
J Amon (2006)
International migration, health and human rights.
H. Nygren-Krug (2004)
Annex. 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. No. 49 at 167. U.N. Doc. A/44/49. art. 2. 53. Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women
(1981)
10.1017/9781108689458.033
INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS
Christian Tomuschat (2008)
Are Men Who Have Sex With Men Safe Blood Donors
Adrian Lomaga (2007)
United Kingdom. 7 EHRR 471
Cabales Abdulaziz (1985)
10.7228/manchester/9781784993047.001.0001
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
N. York. (2009)
World Health Organization: International migration, health and human rights. 2003 [http://www.who.int/hhr/activities/en/FINAL- Migrants-English-June04
Letter to the editor: removing the HIV barrier
J Gerberding (2008)
Haitians can donate blood
B Lambert (1990)
10.1017/CBO9780511614859.012
The Rights of Refugees under International Law: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
J. Hathaway (2005)
Human Rights Committee: General comment no. 15: the position of aliens under the covenant. 1986. 58. East African Asians v
(1973)
Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act
Ryan White (1990)
UNAIDS Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights: Issue Paper for the Session: Criminalization of HIV Transmission
(2007)
World tourist arrivals: from 800 million to 900 million in two years. UNWTO World Tourism Barometer
Tourism World (2008)
Policy brief: HIV and international labor migration
Unaids (2008)
Hyde United States global leadership against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria reauthorization act of
Tom Lantos (2008)
Kyrgyzstan tightens regulations on AIDS tests for foreigners
(2007)
10.1163/EJ.9789004152397.I-850.10
I.7. General Comment on the Position of Aliens under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1986
R. Plender (2007)
42 USC 300ff (sec. 422) 17. USAID: Guidance on the definition and use of the child survival and health programs fund and the global HIV/AIDS initiative account FY 2004 update. [http://media
(1990)
10.1111/j.1468-1293.2006.00371.x
Knowledge, attitudes and health outcomes in HIV‐infected travellers to the USA
M. Mahto (2006)
Organization: World tourist arrivals: from 800 million to 900 million in two years
UN World Touris (2008)
Quick reference: travel and residence regulations for people with HIV and AIDS – 2008/2009 quick reference guide
Aids-Hilfe E V Deutsche (2008)
Morality v. Reality: The Struggle to Effectively Fight HIV/AIDS and Respect Human Rights
Erica Tracy Kagan (2007)
United States leadership against global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria act of
(2003)
10.1093/ICLQAJ/15.4.996
The International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination
Egon Schwelb (1966)
United Nations General Assembly (G.A.) Res. S
(2001)
InternationalOrganization for Migration: UNAIDS/IOM statement on HIV/AIDS-related travel restrictions
(2004)
Travel restrictions on people living with HIV: going against the grain of human rights and public health
S Timberlake
HIV/AIDS and immigration: final report
A Klein (2001)
10.1080/15265160701193559
Ethics and Public Health Emergencies: Restrictions on Liberty
M. Wynia (2007)
10.1017/CBO9780511614859.013
The Rights of Refugees under International Law: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)
J. Hathaway (2005)
Out of the Frying Pan and into the Quarantine: Why 8 U.S.C. § 1182's HIV/AIDS Exclusion Should Not Apply to Refugees Seeking Entry into the United States
Demetrius Lambrinos (2006)
10.1016/B978-012370466-5.50020-0
Governance, human rights and infectious disease: theoretical, empirical and practical perspectives
Jonathan Cohen (2008)
10.1016/S0968-8080(06)28249-1
The Less They Know, the Better: Abstinence-Only HIV/AIDS Programs in Uganda
J. Cohen (2006)
HIV patients not welcome, says PM. Herald Sun
(2007)
From Black Death to Bird Flu...
A. Schloenhardt (2006)
10.2139/SSRN.1189501
The Criminalization of HIV: Time for an Unambiguous Rejection of the Use of Criminal Law to Regulate the Sexual Behavior of Those with and at Risk of HIV
S. Burris (2008)
World Health Organization: Report of the consultation on international travel and HIV infection
High hurdles for health
J Amon (2008)
10.1016/J.JADOHEALTH.2007.01.011
Break the silence: HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and educational needs among Arab university students in United Arab Emirates.
M. Gańczak (2007)
United States global leadership against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria reauthorization act
Tom Lantos (2008)
HIV testing of specific populations: recruits of the armed forces. Issue paper: 3rd Meeting UNAIDS Global Reference Group on HIV / AIDS and Human Rights 28-30 January 2004.
R. Juergens (2004)
10.5860/choice.46-3918
China's great leap : the Beijing games and Olympian human rights challenges
Minky Worden (2008)
10.1177/096701067700800313
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
V. M. Rodríguez (1988)
HIV/AIDS travel ban to be lifted. The Fin Times Daily; 2008. 63. China to relax law on HIV foreigners
(2007)
Human Rights Watch: Exported and exposed: abuses against Sri Lankan domestic workers in Kuwait, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates
(2007)
10.1503/cmaj.1040877
Travel patterns and risk behaviour of HIV-positive people travelling internationally
I. Salit (2005)
HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child
(2003)
International AIDS Society: IAS policy paper: banning entry of people living with HIV/AIDS
(2007)
World Health Organization: International migration, health and human rights
(2003)
UNAIDS: Policy brief: HIV and international labor migration
(2008)
Are Men Who Have Sex with Men Safe Blood Donors? Appeal: review of current law and law reform
A Lomaga (2007)
Chronic indifference : HIV / AIDS services for immigrants detained by the United States
D Lambrinos (2007)
10.1093/HRLR/2.1.81
HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE: GENERAL COMMENT 29
Sarah Joseph (2002)
10.1080/02587203.1995.11827574
Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women
Fayeeza Kathree (1995)
International Organization for Migration: [http://www.iom.int/jahia/ Jahia/lang/en/pid
Human Rights Watch: Bad dreams: exploitation and abuse of migrant workers in Saudi Arabia
(2004)
Working Group 1 of AIDS and Mobility in Europe: HIV/AIDS and migration in European printed media: an analysis of daily newspapers
(2006)
Preventing the further spread of HIV/AIDS: the essential role of human rights
J Amon (2006)
Human Rights Committee: General comment no. 15: the position of aliens under the covenant
(1986)
10.9783/9780812200416
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
J. Morsink (1999)
The politics of AIDS: compulsory state powers, public health, and civil liberties.
L. Gostin (1989)
10.1093/aje/kwj056
When Is Quarantine a Useful Control Strategy for Emerging Infectious Diseases?
T. Day (2006)
10.2139/SSRN.1553083
Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.
Seo-Young Cho (1985)
Human Rights Watch: Chronic indifference: HIV/AIDS services for immigrants detained by the United States
(2007)
UNAIDS: Statement of the UNAIDS secretariat to the sixtyfirst World Health Assembly: agenda item 11.9 -health of migrants
(2008)
UN World Tourism Organization: World tourist arrivals: from 800 million to 900 million in two years
(2008)



This paper is referenced by
10.3402/gha.v6i0.20472
HIV-related travel restrictions: trends and country characteristics
Felicia Chang (2013)
10.1089/bsp.2014.1030
Travel bans will increase the damage wrought by ebola.
J. Nuzzo (2014)
10.1186/s12913-015-1218-0
Perspectives and experiences of new migrants on health screening in Sweden
Faustine Kyungu Nkulu Kalengayi (2015)
10.1186/1758-2652-13-2
HIV-related restrictions on entry, residence and stay in the WHO European Region: a survey
J. Lazarus (2010)
10.1016/j.tmaid.2013.10.006
Travelling with HIV: a cross sectional analysis of Danish HIV-infected patients.
U. S. Nielsen (2014)
10.1057/s41271-020-00233-2
The Federation’s Pages
B. Borisch (2020)
10.1007/s10903-011-9509-y
Fear of Deportation May Limit Legal Immigrants’ Access to HIV/AIDS-Related Care: A Survey of Swedish Language School Students in Northern Sweden
Faustine Kyungu Nkulu Kalengayi (2011)
10.4324/9780203797860-5
Health crises and migration
Michael Edelstein (2014)
At the Nexus: How HIV-Related Immigration Policies Affect Foreign Nationals and Citizens in South Korea.
J. Keralis (2017)
10.1177/2325957415613442
IAPAC Guidelines for Optimizing the HIV Care Continuum for Adults and Adolescents
L. Bekker (2015)
10.1080/17441692.2012.735249
The global debate over HIV-related travel restrictions: Framing and policy change
S. Rushton (2012)
10.1057/S41285-017-0026-5
A tale of two diseases: Discourses on TB, HIV/AIDS and im/migrants and ethnic minorities in the United Kingdom
P. Scott (2017)
10.15171/ijhpm.2017.85
Should Priority Setting Also Be Concerned About Profound Socio-Economic Transformations? A Response to Recent Commentary
Brayan V. Seixas (2017)
10.15171/ijhpm.2017.53
Ensuring HIV Data Availability, Transparency and Integrity in the MENA Region
K. Modjarrad (2017)
10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_2347
At the Nexus
J. Keralis (2009)
10.2174/157016211798038614
Costing Human Rights and Community Support Interventions as a Part of Universal Access to HIV Treatment and Care in a Southern African Setting
L. Jones (2011)
10.1596/9780821387672_CH05
Migration and Health in South Africa:Implications for Development
J. Vearey (2011)
10.1093/JHUMAN/HUS012
HIV-Related Border Restrictions: Time to Address Gaps in Policy and Practice in India and South Korea
Nabeel Mangadan-Konath (2012)
The Examination of Medical Mistrust among Native and Foreign-born Blacks Living with HIV/AIDS
Winifred F. Betts-Campbell (2014)
10.3402/gha.v8.27903
‘It is a dilemma’: perspectives of nurse practitioners on health screening of newly arrived migrants
F. N. Kalengayi (2015)
10.3402/gha.v8.27903
‘It is a dilemma’: perspectives of nurse practitioners on health screening of newly arrived migrants
F. N. Kalengayi (2015)
"Factors associated with HIV testing among residents of Johannesburg : does migration status matter?"
Nobantu Urbania Ann Mkwanazi (2014)
10.1080/17441692.2010.549494
Learning from HIV: Exploring migration and health in South Africa
J. Vearey (2012)
10.2174/157016211798038588
Articulating A Rights-Based Approach to HIV Treatment and Prevention Interventions
D. Barr (2011)
10.1080/01459740.2015.1045141
Exploring Bodies in Southern and East Africa
E. Venables (2015)
10.1186/1744-8603-5-17
Within but without: human rights and access to HIV prevention and treatment for internal migrants
K. Todrys (2009)
Human rights consequences of mandatory HIV screening policy of newcomers to Canada.
Laura M. Bisaillon (2010)
10.1017/S1744552313000293
Unsafe law: Health, rights and the legal response to HIV
Matthew Weait (2013)
10.1146/ANNUREV-LAWSOCSCI-102612-134007
Sex Laws and Sexuality Rights in Comparative and Global Perspectives
D. Frank (2013)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar