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Implementation Of Diverse Non-centrosymmetric Layer Concepts For Tuning The Interface Activity Of A Magnesium Alloy
Published 2016 · Materials Science
Magnesium and its alloys are the lightest metallic materials used for structural applications. Tuning the surface functionalization of magnesium alloys may contribute to increasing their durability. Dry or wet processes may be effective for the modification of magnesium alloy surfaces. The resulting layers may cover surface inhomogeneities and separate the substrate surface from molecular films. This work demonstrates the feasibility and effectiveness of the concepts and techniques comprising laser or plasma based pretreatment processes or dipping procedures that involve synthetic amphiphilic polymers or biopolymers. In detail, the effects of barrier layers that have been applied by the deposition of siliceous polymer coatings in low pressure plasma processes, by laser surface treatments in controlled gas atmospheres or by dipping in liquid formulations containing a recently developed polymeric inhibitor or a mixture of the enzyme laccase and the polysaccharide maltodextrin are monitored. In this respect, a time-resolved hydrogen bubble formation test is performed, revealing interactions between water films and the modified surfaces. The surface modification is shown with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy investigations and, in addition, the alloy surface and grain structure is characterized using energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy and scanning force microscopy. These investigations reveal that the thus established layer/substrate and layer/environment interphases differ in their composition as a result of the non-centrosymmetric layer concepts for surface functionalization applied here.