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Influence Of Polysorbate 60 On Formulation Properties And Bioavailability Of Morin-Loaded Nanoemulsions With And Without Low-Saponification-Degree Polyvinyl Alcohol.

Y. Ikeuchi-Takahashi, Ayaka Kobayashi, Chizuko Ishihara, Takumi Matsubara, Hiroaki Matsubara, H. Onishi
Published 2018 · Chemistry, Medicine

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of polysorbate 60 (Tween 60) on the development of morin-loaded nanoemulsions to improve the oral bioavailability of morin. Nanoemulsions were prepared using Tween 60 and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as emulsifiers, and medium chain triglycerides (MCT) as the lipid base. Low-saponification-degree PVA (LL-810) was also added to stabilize dispersed droplets. MCT-LL810 nanoemulsion containing LL-810 was prepared with a reduced amount of Tween 60. However, the area under the blood concentration-time curve (AUC) of MCT-LL810 (0.18) nanoemulsion containing a small amount of Tween 60 did not increase because the absorption of morin was limited by P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated efflux. MCT-LL810 (0.24) nanoemulsion containing a large amount of Tween 60 showed the highest AUC, dispersed droplets containing Tween 60 may have been transported into epithelial cells in the small intestine, and P-gp transport activity appeared to be suppressed by permeated Tween 60. Based on the plasma concentration profile, dispersed droplets in MCT-LL810 (0.24) nanoemulsion permeated more rapidly through the mucus layer and the intestinal membrane than MCT (0.24) nanoemulsion without LL-810. In conclusion, a novel feature of Tween 60 incorporated into the dispersed droplets of a nanoemulsion interacting with P-gp was demonstrated herein. Dispersed droplets in MCT-LL810 (0.24) nanoemulsion containing LL-810 permeated rapidly through the mucus layer and intestinal membrane, and Tween 60 incorporated in dispersed droplets interacted with P-gp-mediated efflux, increasing the bioavailability of morin.
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