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Enhancing The Sensitivity Of Chemical Sensors For Chlorinated Hydrocarbons In Water By The Use Of Tapered Silver Halide Fibers And Tunable Diode Lasers

Roman Göbel, Rudolf Krska, Robert Kellner, Joachim Kastner, Armin Lambrecht, Maurus Tacke, Abraham Katzir

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Tapered silver halide fibers were used for the first time for high-sensitivity fiber evanescent wave spectroscopic (FEWS) measurements of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHCs) in water at trace level. The sensor arrangement consisted of a tunable diode laser (TDL) source, a polymer-coated and tapered silver halide fiber, and a direct fiber/mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) detector coupling. A minimum detection limit of 50 μg L−1 was achieved by using a polyisobutylene-coated fiber with a 1:4 tapering ratio. The sensor response is in the minute range and shows reversible analyte enrichment.