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Synthesis And Structure Elucidation Of Some Novel Thiophene And Benzothiophene Derivatives As Cytotoxic Agents

Rafat M. Mohareb, Amira E. M. Abdallah, Maher H. E. Helal, Somiya M. H. Shaloof

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Abstract Attempting to produce cyclized systems with potential anti-proliferative activity, a series of novel thiophene and benzothiophene derivatives were designed and synthesized. The reactivity of the latter derivatives towards different chemical reagents was studied. Twenty-one compounds were synthesized and evaluated as anti-cancer agents. The results showed that ethyl 5-amino-3-(4-chlorostyryl)-4-cyanothiophene-2-carboxylate (5b), ethyl 5-amino-4-((4-methoxyphenyl)carbonyl)-3-methylhiophene-2-carboxylate (8c) and 5-3-(ethoxy-3-oxopropanamido)-3-methyl-4-(phenylcarbamoyl)thiophene-2-carboxylate (9) were the most active compounds towards three tumor cell lines – MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), NCI-H460 (non-small cell lung cancer) and SF-268 (CNS cancer) and a normal fibro-blast human cell line (WI-38) compared to the anti-proliferative effects of the reference control doxorubicin.