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MMPI For Personality Characteristics Of Patients With Different Diseases / MMPI За Психолошките Разлики Кај Пациенти Со Разни Заболувања

Nada Pop-Jordanova
Published 2015 · Medicine

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Abstract In the field of psychosomatic medicine the relationship between personality characteristics and diseases is supposed to be an important issue. The aim of this article is to present group’s MMPI profiles obtained for patients with different chronic diseases and to discuss about possible specific features of these different groups. We summarized results obtained by psychological testing of following groups of patients: adult patients treated with chronic maintenance dialysis, patients with diabetic retinopathy, general anxiety group, attack panic syndrome, parents of children with rheumatoid arthritis, as well as adolescents with mental anorexia, cystic fibrosis, diabetes mellitus and leukemia. Two control groups comprised adults and adolescents, both without any health problems, selected randomly. As a psychometric test MMPI-201 was used. Statistic 10 package is used for statistical analysis. In our presentation it can be seen some typical personality characteristics for patients with chronic conditions. These findings could be helpful for clinicians concerning treatment planning and followup. In general, the MMPI helps us to obtain a global, factual picture from the self-assessment of the patient, explained in a psycho-technical language. Group’s profile could be used in clinical practice for planning treatment and to suppose the prognosis of the illness. Во психосоматската медицина многу е би- тен соодносот помеѓу психолошките фактори и болеста. Цел на овој труд е истражување на груп- ните карактеристики на личност со MMPI и дис- кусија за евентуалните специфичности на овие профили кај разни групи хронични болни. Сумирани се резултати добиени од психо- лошко тестирање кај следните групи пациенти: болни со терминална бубрежна болест, одржу- вани со хемодијализа; болни со дијабетична ре- тинопатија; генерализирана анксиозност, паци- енти со панични атаки; родители на деца со ју- венилен ревматоиден артритис; како и адолес- центи со цистична фиброза; ментална анорек- сија; дијабетес и леукемија. Две контролни групи, адолесценти и адултни, без какви било здравствени симптоми, се селектирани по случаен избор. Како психометриски инструмент е корис- тен MMPI-201. Статистичката обработка е изра- ботена со пакетот Статистика 10. Во нашата презентација можат да се забе- лежат некои специфични карактеристики на профилите на личност кај болни со хронични болести. Овие резултати можат да бидат по- лезни во следењето на болните, како и при пла- нирање на нивниот третман. Генерално, MMPI ни овозможува доби- вање на општа фактична слика на личноста до- биена преку самопроценувачка техника, а иска- жана преку психотехнички јазик. Групните про- фили можат да се користат во планирање на терапијата, како и во предвидување на прог- нозата на болеста.
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