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Molecularly Engineered Polymer Leds

Stephen C. Moratti, Donald C. Bradley, Richard H. Friend, Neil C. Greenham, Andrew B. Holmes

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ABSTRACTPolymeric light emitting devices may be fabricated from a simple structure consisting of a low work function cathode (typically calcium or Magnesium), a conjugated semiconducting polymer and a transparent anode (typically indium-tin oxide). Optimum device efficiencies require the balanced injection of electrons and holes. This paper describes the application of molecular engineering in the design of a family of poly (cyanoterephthalylidenene) s which show increased electron affinity over the unsubstituted analogue [poly (p-phenylenevinylene) PPV]. In particular these polymers as the emissive layer in a bilayer device with indium tin oxide (ITO, positive transparent contact) and aluminum (stable negative contact) and PPV as a hole transporting layer exhibit internal efficiencies up to 4%.