Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

The Strengthening The Reporting Of Observational Studies In Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: Guidelines For Reporting Observational Studies.

Erik von Elm, Douglas G. Altman, Matthias Egger, Stuart J. Pocock, Peter Christian Gøtzsche, Jan P. Vandenbroucke
Published 2007 · Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Much biomedical research is observational. The reporting of such research is often inadequate, which hampers the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses and of a study's generalizability. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Initiative developed recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete report of an observational study. We defined the scope of the recommendations to cover three main study designs: cohort, case-control and cross-sectional studies. We convened a two-day workshop, in September 2004, with methodologists, researchers and journal editors to draft a checklist of items. This list was subsequently revised during several meetings of the coordinating group and in e-mail discussions with the larger group of STROBE contributors, taking into account empirical evidence and methodological considerations. The workshop and the subsequent iterative process of consultation and revision resulted in a checklist of 22 items (the STROBE Statement) that relate to the title, abstract, introduction, methods, results and discussion sections of articles. Eighteen items are common to all three study designs and four are specific for cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional studies. A detailed Explanation and Elaboration document is published separately and is freely available on the web sites of PLoS Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology. We hope that the STROBE Statement will contribute to improving the quality of reporting of observational studies.
This paper references
Clinical epidemiological quality in molecular genetic research: the need for methodological standards.
Sidney T. Jr. Bogardus (1999)
What is newsworthy? Longitudinal study of the reporting of medical research in two British newspapers
Christopher Bartlett (2002)
Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): Explanation and Elaboration
Jan P. Vandenbroucke (2007)
[Better reporting of harms in randomized trials: an extension of the CONSORT statement].
Peter Christian Gøtzsche (2005)
CONSORT revised--improving the reporting of randomized trials.
Drummond Rennie (2001)
Does the CONSORT checklist improve the quality of reports of randomised controlled trials? A systematic review.
Amy C Plint (2006)
Why we need observational studies to evaluate the effectiveness of health care
N A Black (1996)
Systematic reviews in health care: assessing the quality of controlled clinical trials, BMJ
P. Jüni (2001)
A road map for efficient and reliable human genome epidemiology
John P. A. Ioannidis (2006)
Assessing the quality of research
Paul P Glasziou (2004)
Issues in the reporting of epidemiological studies: a survey of recent practice
Stuart J Pocock (2004)
Opportunities and challenges for improving the quality of reporting clinical research: CONSORT and beyond
David Moher (2004)
Comparison of evidence on harms of medical interventions in randomized and nonrandomized studies
Panagiotis N. Papanikolaou (2006)
Meta-analysis Spurious precision? Meta-analysis of observational studies
Matthias Egger (1998)
Suggestions for improving the reporting of clinical research: the role of narrative.
David L. Schriger (2005)
Value of flow diagrams in reports of randomized controlled trials.
Matthias Egger (2001)
Reporting of noninferiority and equivalence randomized trials: an extension of the CONSORT statement.
Gilda Piaggio (2006)
Reporting Randomized, Controlled Trials of Herbal Interventions: An Elaborated CONSORT Statement
Joel J Gagnier (2006)
Improving the quality of reports of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials: the QUOROM statement
David Moher (1999)
CONSORT statement: extension to cluster randomised trials
Marion K. Campbell (2004)
Quality of reporting of observational longitudinal research.
Leigh Tooth (2005)
CONSORT your submissions: an update for authors.
Anthony David Ormerod (2001)
Spurious precision? Meta-analysis of observational studies, BMJ
M. Egger (1998)
Why we need observational studies to evaluate the effectiveness of health
N. Black (1996)
Tools for assessing quality and susceptibility to bias in observational studies in epidemiology: a systematic review and annotated bibliography.
Simon R. Sanderson (2007)
CONSORT reviseddimproving the reporting of randomized trials, JAMA
D. Rennie (2001)
The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomised trials
David Moher (2003)
Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative.
Patrick M. M. Bossuyt (2004)
Assessing the quality of controlled clinical trials
Peter Jüni (2001)
Value of fl ow diagrams in reports of randomized controlled trials
P. Jüni Egger (2001)
Bias in psychiatric case-control studies: literature survey.
William Eliot Lee (2007)
Bias in psychiatric casecontrol studies: literature survey, Br
W. Lee (2007)

This paper is referenced by
Clinical and laboratory features that distinguish dengue from other febrile illnesses in endemic populations.
James A. Potts (2008)
Long-Term Follow-Up of 2.5-mm Narrow-Diameter Implants Supporting a Fixed Prostheses.
Eduardo Anitua (2016)
Characterising Arm Recovery in People with Severe Stroke (CARPSS): protocol for a 12-month observational study of clinical, neuroimaging and neurophysiological biomarkers
Kathryn S Hayward (2018)
Behandlung, klinischer Verlauf und sektorenübergreifende Informationsübermittlung bei Patienten mit akut-auf-chronischer Nierenschädigung
Anja Haase-Fielitz (2019)
Psychotic-like experiences with cannabis use predict cannabis cessation and desire to quit: a cannabis discontinuation hypothesis.
Musa B Sami (2019)
Out‐of‐hours intensive care unit admission and 90‐day mortality: a Danish nationwide cohort study
D L Buck (2018)
Patterns of breast cancer relapse in accordance to biological subtype
Atanas Ignatov (2018)
Sex Versus Gender-Related Characteristics: Which Predicts Outcome After Acute Coronary Syndrome in the Young?
Roxanne Pelletier (2016)
Locoregional Tumor Extension and Preoperative Smoking are Significant Risk Factors for Early Recurrence After Esophagectomy for Cancer
Styliani Mantziari (2017)
The cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and cardiometabolic health markers in adults - a systematic review with meta-analysis component.
Cormac Powell (2018)
Impact of intravascular thrombosis on failure of radial arterial catheters in critically ill patients: a nested case-control study
Yvan Fleury (2018)
Neonatal outcomes among twins stratified by method of conception: secondary analysis of maternal fetal medicine (MFMU) network database
Jaimin S Shah (2018)
Do Impairments Predict Hand Dexterity After Distal Radius Fractures? A 6-Month Prospective Cohort Study
Pavlos Bobos (2018)
Vitamin D and walking speed in older adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Cédric Annweiler (2017)
Dealing with foreign cultural paradigms: A systematic review on intercultural challenges of international medical graduates
Kerstin Michalski (2017)
Transcriptome of healthy gingival tissue from edentulous sites in patients with a history of generalized aggressive periodontitis
Tiago Taiete (2017)
Observing the Counterfactual? The Search for Political Experiments in Nature
Gregory D. Robinson (2009)
The association between borderline personality disorder and somatoform disorders: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
Karen B. Schmaling (2018)
Hypoglycemia Incidence in Older Adults by Estimated GFR.
Meryl C Hodge (2017)
Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among young people in South Africa: A nested survey in a health and demographic surveillance
Suzanna C. Francis (2019)
High BMI and male sex as risk factor for increased short-term renal impairment in living kidney donors - Retrospective analysis of 289 consecutive cases.
Lukas W Unger (2017)
High time to use rapid tests to detect multidrug resistance in sputum smear-negative tuberculosis in Belarus.
Valiantsin Rusovich (2014)
Prognostic significance of extramural vascular invasion in T4 rectal cancer.
Aneel Bhangu (2013)
A Comparative Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty With Optional Stenting and Femoropopliteal Bypass Surgery for Medium-Length TASC II B and C Femoropopliteal Lesions
Rianne J Vossen (2019)
Ventral hernia repair in patients with abdominal loss of domain: an observational study of one institution’s experience
Faris K Azar (2017)
Validity and Reliability of the Brazilian Version of the Weight Control Behaviors Scale
Karin Louise Lenz Dunker (2017)
Anastomotic Leakage and Chronic Presacral Sinus Formation After Low Anterior Resection: Results From a Large Cross-sectional Study
Wernard Aat Antoine Borstlap (2017)
At the dawn of delegation? Experiences and attitudes of general practitioners in Germany – a questionnaire survey
Katja Goetz (2017)
Neoadjuvant Therapy and Transanal Endoscopic Surgery in T2-T3 Superficial, N0, M0 Rectal Tumors. Local Recurrence, Complete Clinical and Pathological Response
Xavier Serra-Aracil (2017)
A longitudinal investigation of the predictors of older drivers' speeding behaviour.
Anna Chevalier (2016)
Associations between human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants via diet and indoor dust, and internal dose: A systematic review.
Lindsay Bramwell (2016)
Long-term cardiovascular outcomes and overall survival of early-stage breast cancer patients with early discontinuation of trastuzumab: a population-based study
Inna Y. Gong (2016)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar