[Results Of Cholecystectomies 2003-2010 In A Small Hospital In Iceland].
Published 2017 · Medicine
AIM Cholecystectomy is a common procedure in general surgery. The aim of this study was to retrospectivly assess the results of cholecystectomies performed in Akranes Hospital (AH), a small hospital in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study included all patients that underwent a cholecystectomy in AH from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2010. Patient records were reviewed from AH, as well as from Landspitali University Hospital and Domus Medica. RESULTS 378 operations were performed. 74% of the patients were women and the mean age was 49.6 years. The majority of operations were elective (87%) and the median operative time was 46 minutes (range: 17-240). The median length of stay was 2 days (range: 1-31). Intra-operative cholangiography (IOC) was performed in 93 of 378 patients (25%). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, ERCP, was performed consecutively in 22 of those 93 patients (23%). The conversion rate to open surgery was 0.5%. The rate of serious complications was 2.4% of which four (1.1%) patients had a deep infection and 5 (1.3%) had a bile leakage postoperatively. Patients with cholecystitis had an increased risk of serious complications (p=0.007). Reoperation was performed on three patients who had bile leakage. No patient had a serious bile duct injury and mortality was 0%. 254 (67%) patients had 4 week control postoperatively where 13 patients (5%) had mild gastrointestinal symptoms. CONCLUSION The results of cholecystectomies in AH are very good and comparable to the results of national and international studies. Key words: laparoscopic cholecystectomy, intra-operative cholangiography, choledocholithiasis, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, complications. Correspondence: Marta Ros Berndsen, firstname.lastname@example.org.