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Effect Of Herbicide Butachlor On The Earthworm Eutyphoeus Waltoni Michaelsen

Vandana Singh, Keshav Singh
Published 2016 · Chemistry

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The lethal effect of herbicide butachlor (2-chloro 2,6diethyl N, butoxymethyl acetanilide) on the earthworm Eutyphoeus waltoni was evaluated in diffe rent combination of feed materials under the laboratory conditions. Eutyphoeus waltoni were expo sed to different concentrations of butachlor (0.3, 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 mg/kg) in feed material i.e. buffalo dung, wheat straw and gram bran and soils for time range from 24 to 240h.The maximum toxicity was observed in the Sandy soil 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, and 240h with LC 50 values ( 95% of confidence limits) estimated by pro bit analysis were 0.952 (0.689 to 2.071), 0.652 (0.486 to 0.852), 0.543 (0. 346 to 0.724), 0.449 (0.246 to 0.602), 0.388 (0.127 to 0.533) and 0.287 (0.056 to 0.432), respectively. There were dose and time dependent increase in the mortality rate due to exposure to the herbicide . Maximum toxicity was observed in the sandy soil whereas, minimum in combination of buffalo dung wit h gram bran.
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