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Tri-Service Site Characterization And Analysis Penetrometer System (SCAPS) Accelerated Sensor Development Project

E. R. Cespedes, S. Lieberman, B. Nielsen, G. Robitaille
Published 1999 · Materials Science, Engineering

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Abstract : In 1994, the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) funded a Tri-Service effort to accelerate the development and fielding of environmental sensing technologies to extend the capabilities of the Site Characterization and Analysis Penetrometer System (SCAPS). This effort, which was completed in 1998, produced a wide range of SCAPS sensors, samplers, and supporting technologies that allow SCAPS to detect, delineate, and map subsurface contaminants including petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL), toxic metals, explosives and energetic, volatile organic compounds (VOC), and radioactive wastes. This report describes the various SCAPS sensors developed as part of the SERDP-funded effort including laser induced fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, electrochemical sensor, biosensor, and spectral gamma probes. In addition, the development and testing of cone-penetrometer based samplers, including thermal desorption and multiport samplers, are detailed. Results of laboratory evaluation and field validation studies are presented, and technology transfer accomplishments are described. Included in this report is a bibliography of technical papers, reports, presentations, and patents produced during the course of this project.
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Probe Device for Detecting Contaminants in Subsurface Media
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Rapid subsurface in situ screening of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination using laser induced fluorescence over optical fibers
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Theriault
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(1994)
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A. D. Hewitt (1994)
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Field deployment of a LIBS probe for rapid delineation of metals in soils
G. A. Theriault (1996)
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Field results from the SCAPS laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) sensor for in-situ subsurface detection of petroleum hydrocarbons
D. Knowles (1995)
Screening for metals by x-ray fluorescence spectrometry/response factor/compton K? Peak normalization analysis
A D Hewitt (1994)
A Translation System For Directing an Optical Signal to Predetermined Coordinates
Theriault
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Determination of trace elements in light element matrices by x-ray fluorescence spectrometry with incoherent scattered radiation as an internal standard
R. D. Giauque (1979)
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R. A. Meyers (1998)
Thermal Desorption VOC Sampler: Improvements and Field Trial Performance (Dover AFB)
K. F. Myers (1998)
Cone penetrometer detection of energetic materials in soils
J H Shorter (1997)
Spectroelectrochemical sensing of chlorinated hydrocarbons for field screening and in situ monitoring applications.
M. M. Carrabba (1991)
Direct Sampling Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry
C. Thompson (1993)
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E. Hess (1995)
Determination of metals in soils by XRF spectrometry via cone penetrometry (SCAPS).
W. T. Elam (1998)
VA 22203 Available from National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Approved for public release
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Advances in fiber optic based laser-induced fluorescence sensors for in situ measurement of petroleum hydrocarbons in soils
S H Lieberman
10.1002/(SICI)1520-6521(1997)1:3<151::AID-FACT5>3.0.CO;2-#
Sampling error associated with collection and analysis of soil samples at TNT‐contaminated sites
T. Jenkins (1997)
Detection limits of heavy metals in soils by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,
D. R. Alexander (1997)
Development of optical sensors for the site characterization and analysis penetrometer system (SCAPS).
E. R. Cespedes (1994)
Results of the site characterization and analysis penetrometer system (SCAPS) explosives sensor field testing -Area 17 and 63
J F Powell (1998)
Field analytical methods for hazardous wastes and toxic chemicals, VIP 71. Air and Waste Management Assoc
W T Elam (1997)
Remote Raman spectroscopy of subsurface environments: technical challenges and solutions,
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Research Area
Fluorescence of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Aqueous Solution
Roxane F. Meidinger (1993)
10.1117/12.199681
Use of x-ray fluorescence for in-situ detection of metals
W. Elam (1995)
Applications of remote spectroscopy for in situ environmental monitoring,
S. H. Lieberman (1995)
10.1021/AC00076A010
Adsorption of chlorinated ethylenes at 1-octadecanethiol-modified silver surfaces
K. Mullen (1994)
Results of the site characterization and analysis penetrometer system (SCAPS) explosives sensor field testing -Landfill No
E R Cespedes (1998)
Published Technical Abstracts
Probe Device for Detecting Contaminants in Subsurface Media
(1996)
10.1002/(SICI)1520-6521(1998)2:2<97::AID-FACT5>3.0.CO;2-B
Subsurface measurement of soil heavy-metal concentrations with the SCAPS X-ray fluorescence (XRF) metals sensor
W. Elam (1998)
Patent Application (Navy Case 77310 Fiber optic Raman sensor (FORS) using a single excitation fiber and multiple collection fibers Versatile, thin layer cell for in situ spectroelectrochemistry
P A Boss (1995)
Subsurface in-situ radon gas detection/penetrometer system
J H Ballard
In situ detection of metals in soils,
S. H. Lieberman (1996)
Application 09/018,881 (Case No. COE461 (status pending)), "A system for detection of radioactive elements and metal contaminants in subsurface soil
U S Pat
A laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for the in situ detection of metal contamination in soils
G A Theriault (1994)
Cone penetrometer detection of energetic materials in soils.
I. D. Aggarwal (1997)
DOE rad characterization
J W Adams (1997)
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10.1016/0039-9140(92)80158-A
Development of field screening methods for TNT, 2,4-DNT and RDX in soil.
T. Jenkins (1992)
TSI Incorporated
G Muilenberg (1997)
American Defense Preparedness Association
X-ray metals sensor for the cone penetrometer
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of heavy metal soil contaminants
J H Ballard
A comparison of alternative excitation wavelengths to induce fluorescence in petroleum, oil and lubricant hydrocarbons.
M. Davey (1997)
Results of the site characterization and analysis penetrometer system (SCAPS) explosives sensor field testing - Area 17 and 63, Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, TX.
J. F. Powell (1998)
Cone penetrometer detection of energetic marterials in soils
Findlay M W (1997)
10.1016/0009-2614(74)85388-1
Raman spectra of pyridine adsorbed at a silver electrode
M. Fleischmann (1974)
10.1366/0003702953964039
Fluorescence Rejection in Raman Spectroscopy by Shifted-Spectra, Edge Detection, and FFT Filtering Techniques
P. Mosier-Boss (1995)
Detection of organic compounds by ambient pressure MPI.
O. F. Swenson (1997)
Remote spectroscopy over optical fibers for in situ measurement of contaminants in soil,
S. H. Lieberman (1996)
Laser spectroscopy reveals subsurface contamination Laser Focus World
L A Peach (1996)
Appendix A Publications A11 Research Area VI: SCAPS Samplers Patent
Field demonstration of the SCAPS cone penetrometer gamma probe for rad-waste detection
J. C. Morgan (1997)
Cone penetrometer deployed In Situ video imaging system for characterizing subsurface soil properties and contaminants First international conference and industrial exhibition 'Field Screening Europe
S H Lieberman (1997)
Method for detecting toxic gases.
W. J. Buttner (1991)
Fiberopticbased laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for remote in-situ measurements of metals in soils.
G. A. Theriault (1994)
Real-time continuous measurement of subsurface petroleum contamination with the rapid optical screening tool (ROST).
R. W. St. Germain (1995)
DOE rad characterization,
Las Vegas (1997)
Development studies of LIF sensor for in situ site characterization and analysis of subsurface soil contaminated with trace energetic materials.
R. Sausa (1996)
Air and Waste Management Assoc
Apparatus And Method For Real-time Determination of Subsurface Volumetric Moisture Content of Varying Soil Layers In-situ
B H Miles
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Versatile, low-volume, thin-layer cell for in situ spectroelectrochemistry
P. A. Mosier-Boss (1996)
Proceedings of the SCAPS Workshop on Sensors for the U. S. Army Environmental Center
S H Lieberman (1993)
Research Area V: Spectral Gamma Sensor Patents
Field demonstration of the SCAPS XRF metals sensor Field analytical methods for hazardous wastes and toxic chemicals, VIP 71. Air and Waste Management Assoc
W T Elam (1997)
10.1021/ES00034A011
Octadecylthiol-modified surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates: a new method for the detection of aromatic compounds
K. Carron (1992)
Field screening methods for hazardous wastes and toxic chemicals
W L Bratton (1993)
Research Area II: Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF)
Draft EPA Method 8265: Direct sampling ion trap mass spectrometry for the measurement of voaltile organic compounds in water, soil and air
Use of laser induced fluorescence (LIF) for real-time field screening of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons associated with manufactured gas plants.
S. H. Lieberman (1995)
Versatile, thin layer cell for in situ spectroelectrochemistry.
P. A. Mosier-Boss (1995)
LIBS for in-situ screening of soils contaminated with heavy metals,
E. R. Cespedes (1995)
Appendix A Publications A3
. IN-SITU ENVIRONMENTAL XRF
B. J. McDonald (2000)
Field screening of VOCs in ground water using the hydrosparge VOC sensor.
W. M. Davis (1998)
10.1002/(SICI)1520-6521(1998)2:2<117::AID-FACT8>3.0.CO;2-T
A real-time fiber-optic LIBS probe for the in situ delineation of metals in soils†
G. A. Theriault (1998)
In situ determination of petroleum, oil and lubricant products using lser induced fluorescence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
M Davey
Tri-Service Site Characterization and Analysis Penetrometer System (SCAPS) Accelerated Sensor Development Project -Final Report
Use of a fiber optic-based, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) probe for in situ determination of metals in soils
G A Theriault (1998)
10.1002/(SICI)1520-6521(1998)2:2<89::AID-FACT4>3.0.CO;2-9
Rapid detection of volatile organic compounds in groundwater by in situ purge and direct-sampling ion-trap mass spectrometry
W. Davis (1998)
Remote spectroscopy over optical fibers for in situ measurement of contaminants in soil Optical society of America. Laser application to chemical and environmental analysis
S H Lieberman (1996)
10.1080/10408347708542697
Analysis of Explosives
J. Yinon (1977)
10.1007/978-1-4684-8637-7
Advances in X-ray Analysis
J. R. Lindsay (1999)
Development and testing of cone penetrometer electrochemical sensor probes for chlorinated solvents and explosives
W J. (1997)
10.1007/978-94-009-1473-5_30
Cone Penetrometer Deployed in Situ Video Imaging System for Characterizing Sub-Surface Soil Properties and Contaminants
S. Lieberman (1997)



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