Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

The Charcoal Vision : A Win-Win-Win Scenario For Simultaneously Producing Bioenergy, Permanently Sequestering Carbon, While Improving Soil And Water Quality

David A. Laird
Published 2008 · Biology
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Processing biomass through a distributed network of fast pyrolyzers may be a sustainable platform for producing energy from biomass. Fast pyrolyzers thermally transform biomass into bio-oil, syngas, and charcoal. The syngas could provide the energy needs of the pyrolyzer. Bio-oil is an energy raw material (∼17 MJ kg -1 ) that can be burned to generate heat or shipped to a refinery for processing into transportation fuels. Charcoal could also be used to generate energy; however, application of the charcoal co-product to soils may be key to sustainability. Application of charcoal to soils is hypothesized to increase bioavailable water, build soil organic matter, enhance nutrient cycling, lower bulk density, act as a liming agent, and reduce leaching of pesticides and nutrients to surface and ground water. The half-life of C in soil charcoal is in excess of 1000 yr. Hence, soil-applied charcoal will make both a lasting contribution to soil quality and C in the charcoal will be removed from the atmosphere and sequestered for millennia. Assuming the United States can annually produce 1.1 x 10 9 Mg of biomass from harvestable forest and crop lands, national implementation of The Charcoal Vision would generate enough bio-oil to displace 1.91 billion barrels of fossil fuel oil per year or about 25% of the current U.S. annual oil consumption. The combined C credit for fossil fuel displacement and permanent sequestration, 363 Tg per year, is 10% of the average annual U.S. emissions ofCO 2 -C.
This paper references
Biomass as Feedstock for A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply
Robert D. Perlack (2005)
Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal – a review
Bruno Glaser (2002)
Certificate of analysis for Dynamotive char shows total C content at 72.48% and fixed C
M.  Bryan (2006)
Agriculture's Likely Role in Meeting Canada's Kyoto Commitments ∗
Alfons Weersink (2005)
A handful of carbon
Johannes Lehmann (2007)
Black carbon sequestration as an alternative to bioenergy
Malcolm Fowles (2007)
Certificate of analysis for Dynamotive char shows total C content at 72.48% and fixed C
M.  Bryan (2006)
Use of mobile fast pyrolysis plants to densify biomass and reduce biomass handling costs : A preliminary assessment
Phillip C. Badger (2006)
Crop and Soil Productivity Response to Corn Residue Removal: A Literature Review
Wallace Wilhelm (2004)
Office of Public Affairs, Washington, DC
 USDOE (2007)
An overview of fast pyrolysis of biomass
Anthony V. Bridgwater (1999)
Certifi cate of analysis for Dynamotive char shows total C content at 72 . 48 % and fi xed C at 63 . 72 % . Lab Report no . 203 - 8379 , 15 Mar . 2006
M. Fowels (2007)
Th at ’ s oil , folks . . . Optimists see oil gushing for decades ; pessimists see the planet ’ s energy future drying up
A. Witze (2007)
Use of charcoal to enhance soil quality in a future powered by bioenergy . Growing the Bioeconomy ; Biobased Industry Outlook Conference . 30 Aug . 2005
J. Lehmann (2007)
Climate Change 2007 , Th e 4 th Assessment Report
D. A. Laird (2005)
Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems – A Review
Johannes Lehmann (2006)
Engineering, nutrient removal, and feedstock conversion evaluations of four corn stover harvest scenarios
Reed L. Hoskinson (2007)
Revised black carbon assessment using benzene polycarboxylic acids
Sonja Brodowski (2005)
Charcoal Carbon in U.S. Agricultural Soils
Jan O. Skjemstad (2002)
Use of charcoal to enhance soil quality in a future powered by bioenergy
D. A.  Laird (2005)

This paper is referenced by
Biochar-organic amendment mixtures added to simulated golf greens under reduced chemical fertilization increase creeping bentgrass growth
Steven Francis Vaughn (2018)
Application of the biochar-based technologies as the way of realization of the sustainable development strategy
Daria Gąsior (2017)
Biochar and Water Quality.
Humberto Blanco-Canqui (2019)
Effect of biochar amendment on nitrate retention in a silty clay loam soil
Angela Libutti (2016)
Creeping bentgrass growth in sand-based root zones with or without biochar
Steven Francis Vaughn (2015)
Response of soil carbon dioxide fluxes, soil organic carbon and microbial biomass carbon to biochar amendment: a meta‐analysis
Shuwei Liu (2016)
Charcoal: a discussion on carbonization kilns
Thaisa Rodrigues (2019)
Nutrient recycling using biochar on plinthosol of Burkina Faso : a soil-plant column experiment
Lucie Blondiau (2018)
Biochar application influences microbial assemblage complexity and composition due to soil and bioenergy crop type interactions
Julian Yu (2018)
Biochar and its effects on plant productivity and nutrient cycling: a meta‐analysis
Lori Ann Biederman (2013)
Biochar application rate affects biological nitrogen fixation in red clover conditional on potassium availability
Shamim Mia (2014)
Controlling biomass properties for optimizing fast pyrolysis products
B Duncan Jeffrey (2013)
Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops
Matt A. Sanderson (2008)
Estimating consumption and remaining carbon in burned slash piles.
A. J. Finkral (2012)
Increasing biochar surface area: Optimization of ball milling parameters
Steven C. Peterson (2012)
Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil.
David A. Laird (2010)
Biochar impact on development and productivity of pepper and tomato grown in fertigated soilless media
Ellen R. Graber (2010)
Innovative strategies for the utilization of biomass ash.
A. Thomson James (2014)
Biochar application significantly affects the N pool and microbial community structure in purple and paddy soils
Shen Yan (2019)
Pyrolytic remediation of crude oil-contaminated soil.
Chan-Ung Kang (2020)
Multi-methodological characterisation of Costa Rican biochars from small-scale retort and top-lit updraft stoves and inter-methodological comparison
Joeri Kaal (2017)
Controlling crop diseases using induced resistance: challenges for the future.
Dale R. Walters (2013)
Effects of pyrolysis conditions and biomass properties on leachability and recyclability of inorganic nutrients in biochars produced from mallee biomass pyrolysis
Zhaoying Kong (2014)
Growth of Norway spruce seedlings after transplanting into silty soil amended with biochar: a bioassay in a growth chamber
Juha Heiskanen (2013)
Biochar—Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Interaction in Temperate Soils
Roger T. Koide (2017)
Effect of pyrolysis temperatures on stability and priming effects of C3 and C4 biochars applied to two different soils
T. J. Purakayastha (2016)
Carbon Sequestration and Nitrogen Transformation in Soil Cooperated with Organic Composts and Biochar during Corn ( Zea mays ) Cultivation
Joung Du Shin (2015)
Morpho-physiological plant quality when biochar and vermicompost are used as growing media replacement in urban horticulture
José Manuel Álvarez Álvarez (2018)
Soils and food su ffi ciency
Rattan Lal (2008)
Solid state NMR of carbon and catalyst materials with applications for biorenewable chemicals
Robert Lee Johnson (2014)
Estimation of soil carbon sequestration and profit analysis on mitigation of CO2-eq. emission in cropland cooperated with compost and biochar
Joung-Du Shin (2017)
Role of Biochar in Mitigation of Climate Change through Carbon Sequestration
Rekha Yadav (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar