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CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC ASPECTS OF PREDICTION OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

V. A. PAVLENKO, I. M. MELNIKOVA, Y. L. MIZERNITSKY

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Diagnosis of bronchial asthma (BA) for babies in the first years of life is of particular interest in the practice of paediatric pulmonologist, as there is currently no reliable diagnostics, including functional criteria, to verify the disease at this age. The purpose of the study was to find additional clinical and functional criteria to forecast the formation of BA in early childhood.The study found that children who had undergone acute obstructive bronchitis (AOB) against the background of the perinatal CNS involvement (PCNSI), and consequently having pathoreceptor disorders and variability of the heart rate, had a longer and heavier period of AOB. It has been shown that the presence of PCNSI is an unfavourable factor in the prediction of repeatepisodes of AOB and development of BA. As a result of the follow-up study and the ROC analysis, additional criteria for the projection of BA in early childhood were identified, taking into account the functional state of the respiratory and vegetative nervous system. The additional criteria developed for the projection of BA in young children, together with the clinical and disease history data can contribute to early diagnosis of the BA, which has an important clinical significance for the timely delivery of curative and preventive measures