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Efficient Tailoring Of Platinum Nanoparticles Supported On Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes For Cancer Therapy

Mohamed R Berber, Hoda Elkhenany, Inas H Hafez, Ahmed El-Badawy, Mohamed Essawy, Nagwa El-Badri

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Aim: Therapeutically targeting cancer stem cells (CSCs), which play a role in tumor initiation and relapse, remains challenging. Materials & methods: Novel-formulated platinum nanoparticles (Pt-NPs) supported on polybenzimidazole (PBI)-functionalized polymers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were prepared and their effect on CSCs was evaluated. Results: Pt-NPs showed homogenous distribution on the surface of MWCNT/PBI composites, with very narrow particle size. MWCNT/PBI/Pt-NPs resulted in a dramatic decrease in the proliferation rate of CSCs but not bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). Quantitative gene expression analysis revealed that MWCNT/PBI/Pt had a significant inhibitory effect on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cell cycle markers of CSCs. Conclusion: MWCNT/PBI/Pt exhibited a specific cytotoxic effect on breast CSCs but not on adult stem cells.