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Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Mg2+ And Mn2+ Reduce The Affinities Of Flavone, Genistein And Kaempferol For Human Serum Albumin In Vitro

Fan Yang, Jie Wang, Chunxi Liu, Xu Xiaochen, Li Wenjun, Zhihua Xia, Jianbo Xiao

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Flavone (Fl), genistein (Gen) and kaempferol (Kol) were studied for their affinities towards human serum albumin (HSA) in the presence and absence of Pb2+,Cu2+,Zn2+,Mg2+ and Mn2+. The fluorescence intensities of HSA decreased with increasing concentration of the three flavonoids. Kaempferol resulted in a blue-shift of the ?em of HSA from 336 to 330 nm; flavone showed an obvious red-shift of the ?em of HSA from 336 to 342 nm; genistein did not cause an obvious blue-shift or red-shift of the ?em of HSA. However, the extents of ?em-shifts induced by the flavonoids in the presence of metal ions were much bigger than that in the absence of mental ions. Pb2+,Cu2+,Zn2+,Mg2+ and Mn2+ reduced the quenching constants of the flavonoids for HSA by 14.6% to 60.7% , 28% to 67.9%,3.5% to 59.4%, 23.2% to 63.7% and 14% to 65%, respectively. The affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA decreased about 10.84%, 10.05%and 3.56% in the presence of Pb2+, respectively. Cu2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 14.04%, 5.14%and 8.89%, respectively. Zn2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 3.79%, 0.55% and 3.58%, respectively. Mg2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 16.94%, 2.94%and 7.04%, respectively. Mn2+ decreased the affinities of flavone, genistein and kaempferol for HSA about 14.24%, 3.66% and 4.78%, respectively.