The Improvement Of Probiotics Efficacy By Synergistically Acting Components Of Natural Origin: A Review
The protection of human health as well as the quality and safe food assurance becomes the priority of European research in the sphere of animal production. The negative experiences with the using of antibiotic growth promoters lead to subsequent reduction of their application. It is necessary to replace them by the growth promoters of natural origin, which are able to provide the comparable efficacy and will not contribute to the cumulative contamination of the environment. The probiotics represent an effective alternative to antibiotics and current research should be aimed at improving of their efficacy. This may be achieved by several methods. From the practical point of view, combination with synergistically acting components of natural origin seems to be the best way. Potentiated probiotics are defined as biopreparations containing production strains of microorganisms and synergistically acting components of natural origin which exert their intensified effect through effects on probiotic and gut microorganisms, the gut mucosa and the intestinal environment or immune system. A number of suitable components may be used for this purpose, such as prebiotics, non-specific substrates, plants and their extracts, metabolites of microorganisms and polyunsaturated fatty acids. In this report, the results of application of natural feed additives in animals are reviewed and their valuation for the enhancement of probiotic effectiveness is discussed.