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Crystalline Plasticity In Isotactic Polypropylene Below And Above The Glass Transition Temperature

Gerald Polt, F. Spieckermann, H. Wilhelm, C. Fischer, E. Schafler, S. Bernstorff, M. Zehetbauer
Published 2015 · Materials Science

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In-situ X-ray diffraction was applied to isotactic polypropylene with a high volume fraction of !-phase (!-iPP) while it has been compressed at temperatures below and above its glass transition temperature Tg. The diffraction patterns were evaluated by the Multi-reflection X-ray Profile Analysis (MXPA) method, revealing microstructural parameters such as the density of dislocations and the size of coherently scattering domains (CSD-size). A significant difference in the development of the dislocation density was found compared to compression at temperatures above Tg, pointing at a differ- ent plastic deformation mechanism at these temperatures. Based on the individual evolutions of the dislocation density and CSD-size observed as a function of compressive strain, suggestions for the deformation mechanisms occurring below and above Tg are made.
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