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Identification Of Predominant Histopathological Growth Patterns Of Colorectal Liver Metastasis By Multi-Habitat And Multi-Sequence Based Radiomics Analysis

Yuqi Han, Fan Chai, Jing-wei Wei, Y. Yue, J. Cheng, Dongsheng Gu, Yinli Zhang, Tong Tong, W. Sheng, Nan Hong, Yingjiang Ye, Yi Wang, J. Tian
Published 2020 · Medicine

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Purpose: Developing an MRI-based radiomics model to effectively and accurately predict the predominant histopathologic growth patterns (HGPs) of colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs). Materials and Methods: In this study, 182 resected and histopathological proven CRLMs of chemotherapy-naive patients from two institutions, including 123 replacement CRLMs and 59 desmoplastic CRLMs, were retrospectively analyzed. Radiomics analysis was performed on two regions of interest (ROI), the tumor zone and the tumor-liver interface (TLI) zone. Decision tree (DT) algorithm was used for radiomics modeling on each MR sequence, and fused radiomics model was constructed by combining the radiomics signature of each sequence. The clinical and combination models were developed through multivariate logistic regression method. The performance of the developed models was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves with indicators of area under curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. A nomogram was constructed to evaluate the discrimination, calibration, and usefulness. Results: The fused radiomicstumor and radiomicsTLI models showed better performance than any single sequence and clinical model. In addition, the radiomicsTLI model exhibited better performance than radiomicstumor model (AUC of 0.912 vs. 0.879) in internal validation cohort. The combination model showed good discrimination, and the AUC of nomogram was 0.971, 0.909, and 0.905 in the training, internal validation, and external validation cohorts, respectively. Conclusion: MRI-based radiomics method has high potential in predicting the predominant HGPs of CRLM. Preoperative non-invasive identification of predominant HGPs could further explore the ability of HGPs as a potential biomarker for clinical treatment strategy, reflecting different biological pathways.
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