← Back to Search
The Role Of Carbon Quantum Dots In Organic Photovoltaics: A Short Overview
Published 2021 · Materials Science
Save to my Library
Download via 🐼 PaperPanda Download via oaDOI Download via OAB Download via LibKey Download via Google Google ScholarAnalyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Carbon quantum dots (CDs) are a new class of fluorescent carbonaceous nanomaterials that were casually discovered in 2004. Since then, they have become object of great interest in the scientific community because of their peculiar optical properties (e.g., size-dependent and excitation wavelength-dependent fluorescence), which make them very similar to the well-known semiconductor quantum dots and suitable for application in photovoltaic devices (PVs). In fact, with appropriate structural engineering, it is possible to modulate CDs photoluminescence properties, band gap, and energy levels in order to realize the band matching suitable to enable the desired directional flow of charge carriers within the PV device architecture in which they are implanted. Considering the latest developments, in the present short review, the employment of CDs in organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs) will be summarized, in order to study the role played by these nanomaterials in the improvement of the performances of the devices. After a first brief summary of the strategies of structural engineering of CDs and the effects on their optical properties, the attention will be devoted to the recent highlights of CDs application in organic solar cells (OSCs) and in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), in order to guide the users towards the full exploitation of the use of these nanomaterials in such OPV devices.
This paper references
Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments.
Xiaoyou Xu (2004)
Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence.
Ya-ping Sun (2006)
Fluorescent carbon nanoparticles derived from candle soot.
Haipeng Liu (2007)
Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells.
S. Güneş (2007)
High-performance polypyrrole nanoparticles counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells
Jihuai Wu (2008)
Counter electrodes for DSC: Application of functional materials as catalysts
T. Murakami (2008)
Nano-graphene oxide for cellular imaging and drug delivery
Xiaoming Sun (2008)
Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite.
Qiao-Ling Zhao (2008)
Template-Free Electrochemical Synthesis of Superhydrophilic Polypyrrole Nanofiber Network
Jianfeng Zang (2008)
Photoinduced electron transfers with carbon dots.
X. Wang (2009)
Recent advances in sensitized mesoscopic solar cells.
M. Grätzel (2009)
Extraction of Electrochemiluminescent Oxidized Carbon Quantum Dots from Activated Carbon
Yongqiang Dong (2010)
Large, solution-processable graphene quantum dots as light absorbers for photovoltaics.
Xin-Zhong Yan (2010)
Luminescent carbon nanodots: emergent nanolights.
S. N. Baker (2010)
Water-soluble fluorescent carbon quantum dots and photocatalyst design.
Haitao Li (2010)
Bandgap-like strong fluorescence in functionalized carbon nanoparticles.
X. Wang (2010)
Hybrid conjugated polymer/semiconductor photovoltaic cells
M. Skompska (2010)
An electrochemical avenue to green-luminescent graphene quantum dots as potential electron-acceptors for photovoltaics.
Y. Li (2011)
Spherical polypyrrole nanoparticles as a highly efficient counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells
S. Jeon (2011)
Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism.
Lei Bao (2011)
Toward quantitatively fluorescent carbon-based "quantum" dots.
P. Anilkumar (2011)
Highly selective detection of phosphate in very complicated matrixes with an off-on fluorescent probe of europium-adjusted carbon dots.
Heng Xin Zhao (2011)
White light-emitting devices based on carbon dots' electroluminescence.
Fu Wang (2011)
Enhancing the luminescence of carbon dots with a reduction pathway.
Huzhi Zheng (2011)
Luminscent graphene quantum dots for organic photovoltaic devices.
Vinay Gupta (2011)
One step synthesis of C-dots by microwave mediated caramelization of poly(ethylene glycol).
A. Jaiswal (2012)
Bifunctional fluorescent carbon nanodots: green synthesis via soy milk and application as metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction.
Chengzhou Zhu (2012)
Optically tunable amino-functionalized graphene quantum dots.
H. Tetsuka (2012)
Graphene quantum-dot-doped polypyrrole counter electrode for high-performance dye-sensitized solar cells.
Lijia Chen (2013)
Balancing light absorptivity and carrier conductivity of graphene quantum dots for high-efficiency bulk heterojunction solar cells.
J. Kim (2013)
Opto-electronic conversion logic behaviour through dynamic modulation of electron/energy transfer states at the TiO2-carbon quantum dot interface.
Fang Wang (2013)
Hidden Properties of Carbon Dots Revealed After HPLC Fractionation.
J. Vinci (2013)
Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier.
Q. Gan (2013)
Enhancing the short-circuit current and power conversion efficiency of polymer solar cells with graphene quantum dots derived from double-walled carbon nanotubes
Fushan Li (2013)
Graphene quantum dots-incorporated cathode buffer for improvement of inverted polymer solar cells
Hongbing Yang (2013)
Graphene quantum dots as the hole transport layer material for high-performance organic solar cells.
Miaomiao Li (2013)
Preparation of carbon nanodots from single chain polymeric nanoparticles and theoretical investigation of the photoluminescence mechanism
Benchuan Zhu (2013)
Size tunable fluorescent nano-graphite oxides: preparation and cell imaging applications.
Xiaoyong Zhang (2013)
Fast, energy-efficient synthesis of luminescent carbon quantum dots
Yongsheng Li (2014)
Revealing the tunable photoluminescence properties of graphene quantum dots
Mahasin Alam Sk (2014)
N-doped graphene quantum dots-functionalized titanium dioxide nanofibers and their highly efficient photocurrent response
Xiaotian Wang (2014)
Size-controlled soft-template synthesis of carbon nanodots toward versatile photoactive materials.
Woosung Kwon (2014)
Core-shell heterojunction of silicon nanowire arrays and carbon quantum dots for photovoltaic devices and self-driven photodetectors.
Chao Xie (2014)
Efficient electron transfer in carbon nanodot–graphene oxide nanocomposites
Pyng Yu (2014)
Crystalline Si/Graphene Quantum Dots Heterojunction Solar Cells
P. Gao (2014)
Preparation of functionalized water-soluble photoluminescent carbon quantum dots from petroleum coke
Mingbo Wu (2014)
Three dimensional carbogenic dots/TiO2 nanoheterojunctions with enhanced visible light-driven photocatalytic activity
Jincheng Liu (2014)
Sustainable carbon quantum dots from forestry and agricultural biomass with amplified photoluminescence by simple NH4OH passivation
Zicheng Liang (2014)
A nanocomposite of carbon quantum dots and TiO2 nanotube arrays: enhancing photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic properties
Mingxuan Sun (2014)
Graphene Quantum Dots
M. Bacon (2014)
Cesium carbonate functionalized graphene quantum dots as stable electron-selective layer for improvement of inverted polymer solar cells.
H. Yang (2014)
Self-Assembled Poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene):Poly(styrenesulfonate)/Graphene Quantum Dot Organogels for Efficient Charge Transport in Photovoltaic Devices.
H. Lim (2015)
Charge and energy transfer interplay in hybrid sensitized solar cells mediated by graphene quantum dots
I. Mihalache (2015)
Few-layered graphene quantum dots as efficient hole-extraction layer for high-performance polymer solar cells
Zicheng Ding (2015)
Lead selenide quantum dots and carbon dots amplify solar conversion capability of a TiO2/CdS photoanode
Ramesh K. Kokal (2015)
Highly porous nanostructured polyaniline/carbon nanodots as efficient counter electrodes for Pt-free dye-sensitized solar cells
Kisu Lee (2015)
Efficient Separation of Electron–Hole Pairs in Graphene Quantum Dots by TiO2 Heterojunctions for Dye Degradation
Dengyu Pan (2015)
Carbon black-derived graphene quantum dots composited with carbon aerogel as a highly efficient and stable reduction catalyst for the iodide/tri-iodide couple.
Chun-Chieh Wang (2015)
Low-Temperature Hydrothermal Synthesis of Green Luminescent Carbon Quantum Dots (CQD), and Optical Properties of Blends of the CQD with Poly(3-hexylthiophene)
X. Feng (2015)
Graphene Quantum Rings Doped PEDOT:PSS Based Composite Layer for Efficient Performance of Optoelectronic Devices
Monica Samal (2015)
Rational design of nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots for efficient photoelectrical conversion applications
Hang-Xing Wang (2015)
P3HT/Dodecylamine Functioned Carbon Microspheres Composite Films for Polymer Solar Cells
Lingpeng Yan (2015)
Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Generation Using C-dot/ZnO Hierarchical Nanostructure as an Efficient Photoanode
Heejin Kim (2015)
A hydrothermal route to water-stable luminescent carbon dots as nanosensors for pH and temperature
Chuanxi Wang (2015)
A fluorescent quenching performance enhancing principle for carbon nanodot-sensitized aqueous solar cells
Haimin Zhang (2015)
Ultrafast Photoinduced Electron Transfer between Carbon Nanoparticles and Cyclometalated Rhodium and Iridium Complexes
Somen Mondal (2015)
Graphenol defects induced blue emission enhancement in chemically reduced graphene quantum dots.
Wenkai Zhang (2015)
Biomass-derived carbon quantum dot sensitizers for solid-state nanostructured solar cells.
J. Briscoe (2015)
Carbon quantum dots and applications in photocatalytic energy conversion.
K. A. Fernando (2015)
Dye-sensitized solar cells based on nanocomposite of polyaniline/graphene quantum dots
M. Dinari (2015)
Investigation from chemical structure to photoluminescent mechanism: a type of carbon dots from the pyrolysis of citric acid and an amine
Yubin Song (2015)
Theoretical Studies on Understanding the Feasibility of Porphyrin-Sensitized Graphene Quantum Dot Solar Cell
Bikash Mandal (2015)
Molecularly Designed, Nitrogen-Functionalized Graphene Quantum Dots for Optoelectronic Devices.
H. Tetsuka (2016)
Revealing the underlying absorption and emission mechanism of nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots.
Xianghong Niu (2016)
Heterojunction solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency using graphene quantum dots
Yang Dang (2016)
Semiconductor and carbon-based fluorescent nanodots: the need for consistency.
A. Cayuela (2016)
Green preparation of nitrogen-doped carbon dots derived from silkworm chrysalis for cell imaging.
Ji Feng (2016)
Recent Development of Graphene-Based Cathode Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Man-Ning Lu (2016)
Fluorescent carbon nanoparticles: mimicking hydrogen peroxide properties in a chemiluminescence system.
Xiangnan Dou (2016)
Status and outlook of sensitizers/dyes used in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC): a review
S. Shalini (2016)
Boosting carbon quantum dots/fullerene electron transfer via surface group engineering.
Alberto Privitera (2016)
Excitation-Dependent Photoluminescence from Single-Carbon Dots.
B. van Dam (2017)
"Click" on Alkynylated Carbon Quantum Dots: An Efficient Surface Functionalization for Specific Biosensing and Bioimaging.
M. X. Gao (2017)
Long-wavelength, multicolor, and white-light emitting carbon-based dots: Achievements made, challenges remaining, and applications
M. Shamsipur (2017)
Piezochromic Carbon Dots with Two-photon Fluorescence.
Siyu Lu (2017)
Nanoscale Strategies for Light Harvesting.
S. Kundu (2017)
The emerging roles of carbon dots in solar photovoltaics: a critical review
J. Essner (2017)
Solvothermal conversion of coal into nitrogen-doped carbon dots with singlet oxygen generation and high quantum yield
Mingyu Li (2017)
Ultra-weak chemiluminescence enhanced by facilely synthesized nitrogen-rich quantum dots through chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer and electron hole injection.
Yongzan Zheng (2017)
Characteristic Excitation Wavelength Dependence of Fluorescence Emissions in Carbon "quantum" Dots
Gregory E. LeCroy (2017)
Biomass converted carbon quantum dots for all-weather solar cells
Yuanyuan Meng (2017)
Graphitic Nitrogen Triggers Red Fluorescence in Carbon Dots.
K. Holá (2017)
An easily prepared carbon quantum dots and employment for inverted organic photovoltaic devices
Xinyuan Zhang (2017)
Roles of nitrogen functionalities in enhancing the excitation-independent green-color photoluminescence of graphene oxide dots.
C. Teng (2017)
Carbon dots as photosensitisers for solar-driven catalysis.
Georgina A. M. Hutton (2017)
Insights into the role of nanostructure in the sensing properties of carbon nanodots for improved sensitivity to reactive oxygen species in living cells.
Wenjuan Zhou (2017)
53% Efficient Red Emissive Carbon Quantum Dots for High Color Rendering and Stable Warm White-Light-Emitting Diodes.
Zifei Wang (2017)
Rapid Screening of Oxygen States in Carbon Quantum Dots by Chemiluminescence Probe.
Shaoqing Dong (2017)
Carbon Dot Nanothermometry: Intracellular Photoluminescence Lifetime Thermal Sensing.
S. Kalytchuk (2017)
Mechanofluorochromic Carbon Nanodots: Controllable Pressure-Triggered Blue- and Red-Shifted Photoluminescence.
Cui Liu (2018)
A functional preservation strategy for the production of highly photoluminescent emerald carbon dots for lysosome targeting and lysosomal pH imaging.
Q. Zhang (2018)
Improved charge extraction with N-doped carbon quantum dots in dye-sensitized solar cells
Yuanyuan Zhao (2018)
Balance Between Light Absorption and Recombination Losses in Solution‐Processed Small Molecule Solar Cells with Normal or Inverted Structures
V. Brus (2018)
Exploring the Emissive States of Heteroatom-Doped Graphene Quantum Dots
Guancao Yang (2018)
Inner filter effect-based fluorescent sensing systems: A review.
Shuai Chen (2018)
Efficiency enhancement of bifacial dye-sensitized solar cells through bi-tandem carbon quantum dots tailored transparent counter electrodes
Jialong Duan (2018)
Near-Infrared Excitation/Emission and Multiphoton-Induced Fluorescence of Carbon Dots.
Di Li (2018)
Facile synthesis and characterization of carbon quantum dots and photovoltaic applications
Hwain Lim (2018)
Customizing the Electrochemical Properties of Carbon Nanodots by Using Quinones in Bottom-Up Synthesis.
F. Rigodanza (2018)
Cubic carbon quantum dots for light-harvesters in mesoscopic solar cells
Dawei Dou (2018)
Photo‐and Electroluminescence from Nitrogen‐Doped and Nitrogen–Sulfur Codoped Graphene Quantum Dots
T. Hasan (2018)
Toward Efficient Carbon-Dots-Based Electron-Extraction Layer Through Surface Charge Engineering.
Zhiqi Li (2018)
Biomass-derived nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots: highly selective fluorescent probe for detecting Fe3+ ions and tetracyclines.
Houjuan Qi (2019)
A Cost Analysis of Fully Solution‐Processed ITO‐Free Organic Solar Modules
Jie Guo (2019)
Effects of carbon dots on ZnO nanoparticle-based dye-sensitized solar cells
Mulugeta Tesema Efa (2019)
Side-Chain Engineering of Nonfullerene Acceptors for Near-Infrared Organic Photodetectors and Photovoltaics
Jaewon Lee (2019)
Synthesis of N,S-Doped Carbon Quantum Dots for Use in Organic Solar Cells as the ZnO Modifier To Eliminate the Light-Soaking Effect.
Yaling Wang (2019)
Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) coated with energy down shift layer of nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) for enhanced current density and stability
R. Riaz (2019)
Life cycle assessment of organic photovoltaic charger use in Europe: the role of product use intensity and irradiation
Edis Glogic (2019)
The optical properties and solar energy conversion applications of carbon quantum dots: A review
M. Molaei (2020)
Unifying Charge Generation, Recombination, and Extraction in Low‐Offset Non‐Fullerene Acceptor Organic Solar Cells
Akchheta Karki (2020)
Bone Tissue Engineering via Carbon-Based Nanomaterials.
Zhili Peng (2020)
14.2% Efficiency Dye‐Sensitized Solar Cells by Co‐sensitizing Novel Thieno[3,2‐ b ]indole‐Based Organic Dyes with a Promising Porphyrin Sensitizer
Jung-Min Ji (2020)
Direct conjugation of distinct carbon dots as Lego-like building blocks for the assembly of versatile drug nanocarriers.
Yiqun Zhou (2020)
High-absorption solar steam device comprising Au@Bi2MoO6-CDs: extraordinary desalination and electricity generation
Zemin Zheng (2020)
This paper is referenced by
Nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots obtained hydrothermally from citric acid and urea: The role of the specific nitrogen centers in their electrochemical and optical responses
B. Vercelli (2021)