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Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals The Temporal And Spatial Changes In Physiological Process And Gene Expression In Common Buckwheat (Fagopyrum Esculentum Moench) Grown Under Drought Stress

Hou, Yin, Lu, Song, Wang, Wei, Liu, Zhang, Fang

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Common buckwheat is a traditional alternative crop that originated from the northwest of China and is widely cultivated worldwide. However, common buckwheat is highly sensitive to drought stress, especially at the seedling stage, and the molecular mechanisms underlying the response to drought stress still remain elusive. In this study, we analyzed the stress phenotypes of buckwheat seedlings under drought condition. The results showed the wrinkled cotyledon due to the decrease of relative water content (RWC) in response to the increased activity of antioxidant enzymes. Transcriptomic analysis was further performed to analyze the regulation patterns of stress-responding genes in common buckwheat cotyledons and roots under drought stress conditions. Characterizations of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) revealed differential regulation of genes involved in the photosynthesis and oxidoreductase activity in cotyledon, and that they were highly related to the post-transcriptional modification and metabolic process in root. There were 180 drought-inducible transcription factors identified in both cotyledons and roots of the common buckwheat. Our analysis not only identified the drought responsive DEGs and indicated their possible roles in stress adaption, but also primarily studied the molecular mechanisms regulating the drought stress response in common buckwheat.