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Pre-Disease And Pre-Surgery BMI, Weight Loss And Sarcopenia Impact Survival Of Resected Lung Cancer Independently Of Tumor Stage

Philippe Icard, Olivier Schussler, Mauro Loi, Antonio Bobbio, Audrey Mansuet Lupo, Marie Wislez, Antonio Iannelli, Ludovic Fournel, Diane Damotte, Marco Alifano

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Lower pre-surgery Body Mass Index (BMI) and low muscle mass impact negatively long-term survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated their influence on survival after major lung resection for NSCLC. Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database was made on 304 consecutive patients. Results: Underweight, normal, overweight and obese patients represented 7.6%, 51.6%, 28.6%, and 12.6% of the pre-disease population. Weight loss and gain were recorded in 44.4% and 5% of patients, respectively. Low muscle mass was more frequently associated with BMI < 25 kg/m2 (p < 0.000001). Overall survival was positively affected by pre-disease (p = 0.036) and pre-surgery (p = 0.017) BMI > 25 kg/m2, and, even more, in case of BMI > 25 kg/m2 and increasing weight (p = 0.012). Long-term outcome was negatively influenced by low muscle mass (p = 0.042) and weight loss (p = 0.0052) as well as age (p = 0.017), ASA categories (p = 0.025), extent of resection (p = 0.0001), pleural invasion (p = 0.0012) and higher pathologic stage (p < 0.0001). Three stepwise multivariable models confirmed the independent favorable prognostic value of higher pre-disease (RR 0.66[0.49–0.89], p = 0.006) and pre-surgery BMI (RR 0.72[0.54–0.98], p = 0.034), and the absence of low muscle mass (RR 0.56[0.37–0.87], p = 0.0091). Conclusions: Body reserves assessed by simple clinical markers impact survival of surgically treated NSCLC. Strategies improving body fat and muscular mass before surgery should be considered.