Cell-Free MicroRNAs As Potential Oral Cancer Biomarkers: From Diagnosis To Therapy
Óscar Rapado-González, Rafael López-López, José Luís López-Cedrún, Gabriel Triana-Martínez, Laura Muinelo-Romay, María Mercedes Suárez-Cunqueiro
Published 2019 · Medicine, Biology
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Oral cavity cancer is the most frequent malignancy of the head and neck. Unfortunately, despite educational interventions for prevention and early diagnosis, oral cancer patients are often diagnosed in advanced stages associated with poor prognosis and life expectancy. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find noninvasive biomarkers to improve early detection of this tumor. Liquid biopsy has emerged as a valuable tool in medical oncology which provides new horizons for improving clinical decision making. Notably, cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of short non-coding RNAs, are emerging as novel noninvasive cancer biomarkers. Here, we provide an overview of the potential clinical application of cell-free miRNAs as diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic biomarkers in oral cancer.
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