Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Bacteroides Fragilis Enterotoxin Induces Sulfiredoxin-1 Expression In Intestinal Epithelial Cell Lines Through A Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases- And Nrf2-Dependent Pathway, Leading To The Suppression Of Apoptosis

Jong Ik Jeon, Jun Ho Choi, Keun Hwa Lee, Jung Mogg Kim

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis is a causative agent of colitis and secrets enterotoxin (BFT), leading to the disease. Sulfiredoxin (Srx)-1 serves to protect from oxidative damages. Although BFT can generate reactive oxygen species in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), no Srx-1 expression has been reported in ETBF infection. In this study, we explored the effects of ETBF-produced BFT on Srx-1 induction in IECs. Treatment of IECs with BFT resulted in increased expression of Srx-1 in a time-dependent manner. BFT treatment also activated transcriptional signals including Nrf2, AP-1 and NF-κB, and the Srx-1 induction was dependent on the activation of Nrf2 signals. Nrf2 activation was assessed using immunoblot and Nrf2-DNA binding activity and the specificity was confirmed by supershift and competition assays. Suppression of NF-κB or AP-1 signals did not affect the upregulation of Srx-1 expression. Nrf2-dependent Srx-1 expression was associated with the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in IECs. Furthermore, suppression of Srx-1 significantly enhanced apoptosis while overexpression of Srx-1 significantly attenuated apoptosis during exposure to BFT. These results imply that a signaling cascade involving p38 and Nrf2 is essential for Srx-1 upregulation in IECs stimulated with BFT. Following this upregulation, Srx-1 may control the apoptosis in BFT-exposed IECs.