Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Xanthine Oxidoreductase-Mediated Superoxide Production Is Not Involved In The Age-Related Pathologies In Sod1-Deficient Mice

Shuichi Shibuya, Kenji Watanabe, Yusuke Ozawa, Takahiko Shimizu

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism is regulated by the oxygen-mediated enzyme reaction and antioxidant mechanism within cells under physiological conditions. Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) exhibits two inter-convertible forms (xanthine oxidase (XO) and xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH)), depending on the substrates. XO uses oxygen as a substrate and generates superoxide (O2•−) in the catalytic pathway of hypoxanthine. We previously showed that superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) loss induced various aging-like pathologies via oxidative damage due to the accumulation of O2•− in mice. However, the pathological contribution of XO-derived O2•− production to aging-like tissue damage induced by SOD1 loss remains unclear. To investigate the pathological significance of O2•− derived from XOR in Sod1−/− mice, we generated Sod1-null and XO-type- or XDH-type-knock-in (KI) double-mutant mice. Neither XO-type- nor XDH-type KI mutants altered aging-like phenotypes, such as anemia, fatty liver, muscle atrophy, and bone loss, in Sod1−/− mice. Furthermore, allopurinol, an XO inhibitor, or apocynin, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) inhibitor, failed to improve aging-like tissue degeneration and ROS accumulation in Sod1−/− mice. These results showed that XOR-mediated O2•− production is relatively uninvolved in the age-related pathologies in Sod1−/− mice.